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Open AccessArticle

A Preliminary Investigation of the Transition from Green Building to Green Community: Insights from LEED ND

by Peng Wu 1,*, Yongze Song 2, Xin Hu 2 and Xiangyu Wang 2
1
School of Design and the Built Environment, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6102, Australia
2
Australasian Joint Research Centre for Building Information Modelling, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6102, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1802; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061802
Received: 16 April 2018 / Revised: 25 May 2018 / Accepted: 28 May 2018 / Published: 30 May 2018
The Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design for Neighborhood Development (LEED ND) rating system has been considered one of the major tools to assess the performance of green communities. However, few studies have been conducted on how the traditional focus on green building can be effectively transitioned to green communities. In order to facilitate the transition process, this paper reviews and analyzes the credits obtained from LEED ND 2009 certified plans. A total of 55 projects were identified from the LEED project directory of the U.S. Green Building Council. The performance of these neighborhood development projects, including project landscape, percentage of achievement and predictors of LEED ND rating, was analyzed. The performance was then compared with the performance of green buildings certified under LEED New Construction (LEED NC). The results indicate that there is an unbalanced allocation of credits to economic, social and environmental sustainability in the LEED ND rating. In addition, green infrastructure and building credits, such as wastewater management, on-site renewable energy and solar orientation, have extremely low percentage of achievement, indicating that these credits should be redesigned. The results provide useful insights for developers to prepare for LEED ND certification and for regulatory bodies to improve the performance of the current LEED ND rating system. View Full-Text
Keywords: LEED ND; sustainable community; sustainable development; green building LEED ND; sustainable community; sustainable development; green building
MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, P.; Song, Y.; Hu, X.; Wang, X. A Preliminary Investigation of the Transition from Green Building to Green Community: Insights from LEED ND. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1802.

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