A Nationwide Survey Evaluating the Environmental Literacy of Undergraduate Students in Taiwan
Department of Public Relations and Advertising, Shih Hsin University, Taipei 231, Taiwan
Graduate Institute of Environmental Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 116, Taiwan
Graduate Institute of Science Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 116, Taiwan
Department of Biology, National Changhua University of Education, Changhua 500, Taiwan
School of Management and Enterprise, University of Southern Queensland, Queensland 4350, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1730; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061730
Received: 17 April 2018 / Revised: 22 May 2018 / Accepted: 23 May 2018 / Published: 25 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Education and Approaches)
The aim of this nationwide survey was to assess undergraduate students’ environmental literacy level in Taiwan. A total of 29,498 valid responses were received from a number of selected colleges and universities in Taiwan, using stratified random sampling method. A total of 70 items were used to assess the environmental literacy and the results revealed that undergraduate students had a relatively low level of environmental knowledge and behavior, while a moderate level of environmental attitudes was attained. The findings also indicated no significant correlations between knowledge and attitudes or between knowledge and behavior. However, a higher level of environmental knowledge correlated significantly with a higher degree of pro-environmental behavior, and a higher level of environmental knowledge correlated with stronger attitudes. The results also suggested that females outperformed the males in all categories. Results from this study could contribute towards further relevant policy discussion and decision-making, curriculum design and development to the improvement of environmental education in the higher education sector.