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Sustainability 2018, 10(5), 1545;

Chemical Waste Management in the U.S. Semiconductor Industry

Department of Business Administration, National Central University, Taoyuan City 32001, Taiwan
SocialTech Research Group, Faculty of Business Administration, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 March 2018 / Revised: 24 April 2018 / Accepted: 1 May 2018 / Published: 13 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Smart Cities and Smart Villages Research)
Full-Text   |   PDF [248 KB, uploaded 13 May 2018]


Sustainability has become the biggest concern of the semiconductor industry because of hundreds of high-purity organic and inorganic compounds involved in manufacturing semiconductors not being treated economically. The aim of this study was to understand how semiconductor companies manage their chemical wastes, by analyzing the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Toxics Release Inventory data for hydrogen fluoride, nitric acid, ammonia, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, hydrochloric acid, nitrate compounds, and sulfuric acid. Cluster analysis was adopted to classify the U.S. semiconductor companies into different performance groups according to their waste management approaches. On the basis of the results, twenty-seven companies were classified in the “best performance” category for the waste management of two or more chemicals. However, 15 companies were classified in the worst performance categories. The semiconductor companies can refer to our results to understand their performance and which companies they should benchmark regarding chemical waste management. City governments can also refer to our results to employ suitable policies to reduce the negative impacts of the chemical waste from regional semiconductor companies. View Full-Text
Keywords: waste management; sustainability; cluster analysis; semiconductor waste management; sustainability; cluster analysis; semiconductor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Shen, C.-W.; Tran, P.P.; Minh Ly, P.T. Chemical Waste Management in the U.S. Semiconductor Industry. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1545.

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