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Leveraging Post-Disaster Windows of Opportunities for Change towards Sustainability: A Framework

Transforming Development and Disaster Risk

Stockholm Environment Institute, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
Climate and Disaster Risk Research and Consulting (CDRC), Sydney 2176, Australia
International Centre of Excellence on Transforming Development and Disaster Risk, Stockholm Environment Institute and Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR) Programme, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
Stockholm Environment Institute, Environment Department, University of York, York YO10 5NG, UK
Stockholm Environment Institute, 10416 Tallinn, Estonia
Stockholm Environment Institute, 10451 Stockholm, Sweden
College of Urban and Public Affairs: Nohad A. Toulon School of Urban Studies and Planning, Portland State University, Portland, OR 97201, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(5), 1458;
Received: 30 March 2018 / Revised: 30 April 2018 / Accepted: 2 May 2018 / Published: 7 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transforming Development and Disaster Risk)
This article focuses on the complex relationship between development and disaster risk. Development and disaster risk are closely linked as the people and assets exposed to risk, as well as their vulnerability and capacity, are largely determined by development processes. Transformation is key to moving from current development patterns that increase, create or unfairly distribute risks, to forms of development that are equitable, resilient and sustainable. Based on a review of existing literature, we present three opportunities that have the potential to lead to transformation in the development-disaster risk relationship: (i) exposing development-disaster risk trade-offs in development policy and decision-making; (ii) prioritizing equity and social justice in approaches to secure resilience; and (iii) enabling transformation through adaptive governance. This research aims to contribute to breaking down existing barriers in research, policy and practice between the disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation, and development communities by providing cross-sectoral opportunities to operationalize theoretical knowledge on transformation. It also helps to clarify the connections between different global agendas by positioning transformation as a potential bridging concept to link disconnected policy processes. This paper argues for empirical research to test the opportunities presented here and further define transformative pathways at multiple scales. View Full-Text
Keywords: transformation; sustainable development; disaster risk; trade-offs; equitable resilience; adaptive governance transformation; sustainable development; disaster risk; trade-offs; equitable resilience; adaptive governance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Thomalla, F.; Boyland, M.; Johnson, K.; Ensor, J.; Tuhkanen, H.; Gerger Swartling, Å.; Han, G.; Forrester, J.; Wahl, D. Transforming Development and Disaster Risk. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1458.

AMA Style

Thomalla F, Boyland M, Johnson K, Ensor J, Tuhkanen H, Gerger Swartling Å, Han G, Forrester J, Wahl D. Transforming Development and Disaster Risk. Sustainability. 2018; 10(5):1458.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Thomalla, Frank, Michael Boyland, Karlee Johnson, Jonathan Ensor, Heidi Tuhkanen, Åsa Gerger Swartling, Guoyi Han, John Forrester, and Darin Wahl. 2018. "Transforming Development and Disaster Risk" Sustainability 10, no. 5: 1458.

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