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Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 977; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10040977

Spatial Pattern and Regional Relevance Analysis of the Maritime Silk Road Shipping Network

1
College of Geomatics, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3
School of Resources and Environment, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, China
4
Institute for Geospatial Research and Education, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, MI 48197, USA
5
Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangzhou 510070, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 January 2018 / Revised: 23 March 2018 / Accepted: 26 March 2018 / Published: 27 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Methodological Advances in Research on Sustainable Ecosystems)
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Abstract

Under the strategy of “One Belt and One Road”, this paper explores the spatial pattern and the status quo of regional trade relevance of the Maritime Silk Road shipping network. Based on complex network theory, a topological structure map of shipping networks for containers, tankers, and bulk carriers was constructed, and the spatial characteristics of shipping networks were analyzed. Using the mode of spatial arrangement and the Herfindahl–Hirschman Index, this paper further analyzes the traffic flow pattern of regional trade of three kinds of goods. It is shown that the shipping network of containers, tankers and bulk carriers are unevenly distributed and have regional agglomeration phenomena. There is a strong correlation between the interior of the region and the adjacent areas, and the port competition is fierce. Among them, the container ships network is the most competitive in the region, while the competitiveness of the tankers network is relatively the lowest. The inter-regional correlation is weak, and a few transit hub ports have obvious competitive advantages. The ports in Northeast Asia and Southeast Asia are the most significant. The research results combined with the Maritime Silk Road policy can provide reference for port construction, route optimization, and coordinated development of regional trade, which will help to save time and cost of marine transportation, reduce energy consumption, and promote the sustainable development of marine environment and regional trade on the Maritime Silk Road. View Full-Text
Keywords: maritime silk road; shipping network; complex network; regional analysis; Herfindahl–Hirschman index maritime silk road; shipping network; complex network; regional analysis; Herfindahl–Hirschman index
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Mou, N.; Liu, C.; Zhang, L.; Fu, X.; Xie, Y.; Li, Y.; Peng, P. Spatial Pattern and Regional Relevance Analysis of the Maritime Silk Road Shipping Network. Sustainability 2018, 10, 977.

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