Exercise on Transdisciplinarity: Lessons from a Field-Based Course on Rural Sustainability in an Aging Society
2. Literature Review: Competence Discussion in Sustainability Science Education
3. Methods for Data Collection and Assessment
4. Case Study: Field-Based Exercise of Transdisciplinary Approach
4.1. Context of GFE Akita: Rural Sustainability Challenges in an Aging Society
4.2. Unit Fieldwork Design
4.3. Unit Implementation
4.4. Outputs: Reporting Exhibition to Local Residents
5. Analysis and Discussion
5.1. Performing Competencies Collectively
5.4. Ability to Be Empathetic to People’s Personal Experiences
Conflicts of Interest
- Below is the list of questions asked during the semi-structured interviews to the middle-age and the elderly resident groups. The collected answers in each group were combined to analyze the knowledge transmission on local food and sense of place in Gojome.
- What kind of food do you consider as traditional or typical food?
- Why do you consider those food as traditional?
- Have you been taught how to cook these dishes from your family?
- What kind of food did you eat during your childhood?
- Who prepared it including collecting ingredients?
- Growing up, did you learn to cook the food from your childhood? Who taught you?
- Have you transferred your knowledge on cooking to your children?
- What kind of local food are you proud to present to visitors from outside the region?
- What kind of food do you miss when you are away from the region?
- How do you view the future of the local food?
- Below is the visualization done by the participant group to illustrate the alternative ways for knowledge transmission across different age groups. This infographic was presented as the summary image of the fieldwork at the reporting exhibition in Gojome.
- Kates, R.W.; Clark, W.C.; Corell, R.; Hall, J.M.; Jaeger, C.C.; Lowe, I.; McCarthy, J.J.; Schellnhuber, H.J.; Bolin, B.; Dickson, N.M.; et al. Sustainability Science. Science 2001, 292, 641–642. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Clark, W.C.; Dickson, N.M. Sustainability science: The emerging research program. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2003, 100, 8059–8061. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Perrings, C. Future challenges. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2007, 104, 15179–15180. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Tainter, J. A Framework for Sustainability. World Futures J. Glob. Educ. 2003, 59, 213–223. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Clark, W.C. Sustainability science: A room of its own. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2007, 104, 1737–1738. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Shahadu, H. Towards an umbrella science of sustainability. Sustain. Sci. 2016, 11, 777–788. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Jerneck, A.; Olsson, L.; Ness, B.; Anderberg, S.; Baier, M.; Clark, E.; Hickler, T.; Hornborg, A.; Kronsell, A.; Lövbrand, E.; et al. Structuring sustainability science. Sustain. Sci. 2011, 6, 69–82. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Baartman, L.K.J.; Bastiaens, T.J.; Kirschner, P.A.; van der Vleutend, C.P.M. Evaluating assessment quality in competence-based education: A qualitative comparison of two frameworks. Educ. Res. Rev. 2007, 2, 114–129. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- De Haan, G. The BLK “21” programme in Germany: A “Gestaltungskompetenz”-based model for Education for Sustainable Development. Environ. Educ. Res. 2006, 12, 19–32. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Barth, M.; Godemann, J.; Rieckmann, M. Developing key competencies for sustainable development in higher education. Int. J. Sustain. High. Educ. 2005, 8, 416–431. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Wals, A.E.J. Mirroring, Gestaltswitching and transformative social learning: Stepping stones for developing sustainability competence. Int. J. Sustain. High. Educ. 2010, 11, 380–390. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Sharp, L. Green campuses: The road from little victories to systemic transformation. Int. J. Sustain. High. Educ. 2002, 3, 128–145. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Lang, D.J.; Wiek, A.; Bergmann, M.; Stauffacher, M.; Martens, P.; Moll, P.; Swilling, M.; Thomas, C.J. Transdisciplinary research in sustainability science: Practice, principles, and challenges. Sustain. Sci. 2012, 7, 25–43. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Carlos, R.S.; Yoshida, Y.; Kudo, S. Fostering the Next Generation of Sustainability Professionals—Assessing Field Courses in a Sustainability Science Graduate Program. Chall. Sustain. 2017, 5, 52–61. [Google Scholar]
- Bizerril, M.; Rosa, M.J.; Carvalho, T.; Pedrosa, J. Sustainability in higher education: A review of contributions from Portuguese Speaking Countries. J. Clean. Prod. 2018, 171, 600–612. [Google Scholar]
- Wiek, A.; Withycombe, L.; Redman, C.L. Key competencies in sustainability: A reference framework for academic program development. Sustain. Sci. 2011, 6, 203–218. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Dedeurwaerdere, T. Transdisciplinary sustainability science at higher education institutions: Science policy tools for incremental institutional change. Sustainability 2013, 5, 3783–3801. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Hidalgo, L.A.; Manuel, J.; Fuentes, A. The Development of Basic Competencies for Sustainability in Higher Education: An Educational Model. US-China Educ. Rev. 2013, 3, 447–458. [Google Scholar]
- Tamura, M.; Uegaki, T. Development of an educational model for sustainability science: Challenges in the Mind-Skills-Knowledge education at Ibaraki University. Sustain. Sci. 2012, 7, 253–265. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Perez Salgado, F.; Abbott, D.; Wilson, G. Dimensions of professional competences for interventions towards sustainability. Sustain. Sci. 2018, 13, 163–177. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Brundiers, K.; Wiek, A. Do We Teach What We Preach? An International Comparison of Problem- and Project-Based Learning Courses in Sustainability. Sustainability 2013, 5, 1725–1746. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Kudo, S.; Teah, H.Y.; Amasawa, E.; Mursaleen, H.; Satanarachchi, N.; Onuki, M. Comparative study on the program design of three sustainability science programs based on the CIPP framework. In Proceedings of the 22nd International Sustainable Development Research Society Conference (ISDRS 2016), Lisbon, Portugal, 13–15 July 2016; pp. 439–455. [Google Scholar]
- Mino, T.; Esteban, M.; Akiyama, T.; Chiahsin, C.; Ikeda, I. Philosophy of Field Methods in the GPSS-GLI Program: Dealing with Complexity to Achieve Resilience and Sustainable Societies. In Sustainability Science: Field Methods and Exercises; Springer: Tokyo, Japan, 2016; pp. 3–19. [Google Scholar]
- Cabinet Office of Japan. Section 1 Situation on Aging; Cabinet Office of Japan: Tokyo, Japan, 2017. (In Japanese)
- Takamoto, S.; Miura, Y.; Nakayama, T. The Existing Condition of Renounced arable land in Hilly and Mountainous Area. Arch. Inst. Jpn. 2004, 44, 489–492. (In Japanese) [Google Scholar]
- Sasaki, H.; Koyama, K.; Matsuura, S. Geographical Distribution and Potential Grass Productivity of Abandoned Cultivated Land in Japan. Jpn. Soc. Grassl. Sci. 2007, 53, 189–194. (In Japanese) [Google Scholar]
- Fujii, T.; Tarumi, A.; Fujiwara, M. Possibility of Village Sustainment and Resource Management. J. Jpn. For. Soc. 2009, 91, 391–397. (In Japanese) [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Yusa, T.; Goto, H.; Kurauchi, D.; Murakami, K. Vacant Houses and Their Management in Hilly Rural Areas—A Case Study in Hayakawa Town, Yamanashi Prefecture. J. Arch. Plan. 2006, 2, 111–118. (In Japanese) [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Shinobe, H.; Miyachi, T. The Present Conditions and Problems of the Demolition Clearance Policies of Vacant Houses. AIJ J. Technol. Des. 2012, 18, 709–714. (In Japanese) [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Reyes-García, V.; Aceituno-Mata, L.; Calvet-Mir, L.; Garnatje, T.; Gómez-Baggethun, E.; Lastra, J.J.; Ontillera, R.; Parada, M.; Rigat, M.; Vallès, J.; et al. Resilience of traditional knowledge systems: The case of agricultural knowledge in home gardens of the Iberian Peninsula. Glob. Environ. Chang. 2014, 24, 223–231. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef][Green Version]
- Ueda, K. About a “Preservation” of Traditional Dance in a Depopulated Community: A Case Study of a “Preservation” of Taiko-Odori in Kajiwata, Kumamoto Prefecture. J. Rural Stud. 2007, 14, 13–22. (In Japanese) [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Tanaka, K. Issues and Reviews of Public Transporation in Intermediate and Mountainous Areas. Ann. Assoc. Econ. Geogr. 2009, 55, 33–48. [Google Scholar]
- Miyazaki, K.; Tokunaga, Y.; Kikuchi, T.; Koeda, A.; Tanimoto, K.; Kita, H. An analysis of activity of elderly people in rural area. Infrastruct Plan. Rev. 2005, 22, 583–591. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Rockström, J.; Steffen, W.; Noone, K.; Persson, Å.; Chapin, F.S.; Lambin, E.; Foley, J. A safe operating space for humanity. Ecol. Soc. 2009, 14. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Giddens, A. What is Sociology. In Sociology, 5th ed.; Polity Press: Cambridge, UK, 2006; pp. 2–29. [Google Scholar]
- Komiyama, H.; Takeuchi, K. Sustainability science: Building a new discipline. Sustain. Sci. 2006, 1, 1–6. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Stock, P.; Burton, R.J.F. Defining terms for integrated (multi-inter-trans-disciplinary) sustainability research. Sustainability 2011, 3, 1090–1113. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef][Green Version]
- Clark, W.C.; van Kerkhoff, L.; Lebel, L.; Gallopin, G.C. Crafting usable knowledge for sustainable development Crafting usable knowledge for sustainable development. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2016, 113, 4570–4578. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
© 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Kudo, S.; Mursaleen, H.; Ness, B.; Nagao, M. Exercise on Transdisciplinarity: Lessons from a Field-Based Course on Rural Sustainability in an Aging Society. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1155. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041155
Kudo S, Mursaleen H, Ness B, Nagao M. Exercise on Transdisciplinarity: Lessons from a Field-Based Course on Rural Sustainability in an Aging Society. Sustainability. 2018; 10(4):1155. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041155Chicago/Turabian Style
Kudo, Shogo, Huma Mursaleen, Barry Ness, and Masafumi Nagao. 2018. "Exercise on Transdisciplinarity: Lessons from a Field-Based Course on Rural Sustainability in an Aging Society" Sustainability 10, no. 4: 1155. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041155