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Assessing the Disaster Resilience of Megacities: The Case of Hong Kong

Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
National Disaster Reduction Centre of China, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Beijing 100124, China
Institute for Disaster Management and Reconstruction, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610207, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 1137;
Received: 9 March 2018 / Revised: 29 March 2018 / Accepted: 6 April 2018 / Published: 10 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Disasters, Crisis, Hazards, Emergencies and Sustainable Development)
PDF [3322 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]


Many megacities are facing potential threats from various disasters, especially in the face of climate change. However, evaluating the resilience of megacities is not well established in both the academia and practice field. Using Hong Kong, which is a megacity ranked as the city in Asia with the highest risk for natural disasters, as a case study, we demonstrated the effort of assessing the resilience of a megacity. The Sendai Framework Local Urban Indicators Tools that was developed by the United Nation Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) was adopted as the main tool in this study, and a mixed bottom-up participatory and top-down method was utilized in the evaluation process. This is an innovative and participatory approach that is not commonly adopted in assessing the resilience of cities. The study found that Hong Kong is disaster resilient in that it mainstreams disaster risk in its development and that it dedicates sufficient financial resources. However, Hong Kong may improve on its disaster governance and encourage cooperation between the government and society to identify disaster risk and share information, particularly in the face of climate change and calls for more sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hong Kong; disaster risk reduction; resilience; UNISDR Sendai Framework Hong Kong; disaster risk reduction; resilience; UNISDR Sendai Framework

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Sim, T.; Wang, D.; Han, Z. Assessing the Disaster Resilience of Megacities: The Case of Hong Kong. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1137.

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