Next Article in Journal
Sustainable Investment in a Supply Chain in the Big Data Era: An Information Updating Approach
Previous Article in Journal
Sustainable RC Beam-Column Connections with Headed Bars: A Formula for Shear Strength Evaluation
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 402; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020402

Impact of Erratic Rainfall from Climate Change on Pulse Production Efficiency in Lower Myanmar

1
Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan
2
Center for Promotion of International Education and Research, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan
3
Laboratory of Environmental Economics, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 January 2018 / Revised: 29 January 2018 / Accepted: 30 January 2018 / Published: 4 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Wildlife)
Full-Text   |   PDF [984 KB, uploaded 4 February 2018]   |  

Abstract

Erratic rainfall has a detrimental impact on crop productivity but rainfall during the specific growth stage is rarely used in efficiency analysis. This study focuses on this untapped point and examines the influence of rainfall specifically encountered during the sowing stage and early vegetative growth stage and the flowering stage of pulses on productivity and efficiency in Lower Myanmar using data from 182 sample farmers. The results of a stochastic frontier production function reveal that rainfall incidence during the flowering season of pulses has a negatively significant effect on yield while replanting crops after serious damage by rain increases productivity. Controlled rainfall variables, seed rate, human labor and land preparation cost are important parameters influencing pulses yield. In the efficiency model, levels of yield loss have a negative impact while being a male household head, access to government credit, access to training, locating farms in the Bago Region and possessing a large area of pulses have a positively significant effect on technical efficiency. Policy recommendations include the establishment of a safety network, such as crop insurance to protect farmers from losses due to unpredictable weather conditions, promoting training programs on cultural practices adapted to climate change, wide coverage of extension activities, giving priority to small-scale farmers and female farmer participation in training and extension activities and increasing the rate of credit availability to farmers. View Full-Text
Keywords: pulse production; Lower Myanmar; stochastic production frontier function; technical efficiency; climate change pulse production; Lower Myanmar; stochastic production frontier function; technical efficiency; climate change
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mar, S.; Nomura, H.; Takahashi, Y.; Ogata, K.; Yabe, M. Impact of Erratic Rainfall from Climate Change on Pulse Production Efficiency in Lower Myanmar. Sustainability 2018, 10, 402.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top