Next Article in Journal
A Study on the Analysis of CO2 Emissions of Apartment Housing in the Construction Process
Next Article in Special Issue
Facilitating Energy Transition through Energy Commons: An Application of Socio-Ecological Systems Framework for Integrated Community Energy Systems
Previous Article in Journal
Factors Affecting Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Grain Yield of Summer Maize on Smallholder Farms in the North China Plain
Previous Article in Special Issue
Radical Prosumer Innovations in the Electricity Sector and the Impact on Prosumer Regulation
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 364;

Understanding Stakeholders’ Views and the Influence of the Socio-Cultural Dimension on the Adoption of Solar Energy Technology in Lebanon

Department of Governance and Technology for Sustainability (CSTM), Institute for Innovation and Governance Studies (IGS), Faculty of Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences (BMS), University of Twente, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
Organization and Governance (OG), Department of Multi-Actor Systems (MAS), Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management (TPM), Delft University of Technology, Jaffalaan 5, 2628 BX Delft, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 November 2017 / Revised: 17 January 2018 / Accepted: 19 January 2018 / Published: 31 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social Innovations in the Energy Transition)
Full-Text   |   PDF [243 KB, uploaded 31 January 2018]


In light of climate change and global commitments, a great amount of programs and policies have been implemented by governments targeting the diffusion of renewable energy technologies. Successful diffusion relies on the understanding, persuasion and acceptance by consumers and other stakeholders. This article investigates the views, roles and influence of stakeholders on the adoption of solar energy technology in Lebanon. The main research questions are: What are the stakeholders’ views, roles and influence on the diffusion process of solar energy technologies? And are specific socio-cultural factors therein that influenced adoption? The influence of different stakeholders (end users, public representatives, banking sector, suppliers, consultants and NGOs) was assessed via qualitative data analysis, in particular semi-structured interviews. Our research perspective combines grounded and critical theoretical approaches with a case study research design allowing for a semi-inductive process to elaborate and complement new insights to the current body of literature on adoption of clean technology innovation, with a particular focus on the socio-cultural dimension. The results show that contextual factors, specifically related to the social, cultural, geographic and market dimensions, played a crucial role in shaping market development, especially in relation to the uptake of solar energy technology by different consumer groups. Based on the results of this study we argue that more scholarly attention should be awarded to the influence of the socio-cultural dimension and stakeholders’ perspectives on adoption of renewable energy technology. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy; solar energy; diffusion; innovation-adoption; stakeholders; Lebanon renewable energy; solar energy; diffusion; innovation-adoption; stakeholders; Lebanon
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Elmustapha, H.; Hoppe, T.; Bressers, H. Understanding Stakeholders’ Views and the Influence of the Socio-Cultural Dimension on the Adoption of Solar Energy Technology in Lebanon. Sustainability 2018, 10, 364.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top