Next Article in Journal
How to Evaluate Smart Cities’ Construction? A Comparison of Chinese Smart City Evaluation Methods Based on PSF
Next Article in Special Issue
Gardener Well-Being along Social and Biophysical Landscape Gradients
Previous Article in Journal
Water Efficient Alternative Crops for Sustainable Agriculture along the Tarim Basin: A Comparison of the Economic Potentials of Apocynum pictum, Chinese Red Date and Cotton in Xinjiang, China
Previous Article in Special Issue
Ecosystem Services Value Assessment and Uneven Development of the Qingjiang River Basin in China
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 36;

Valuing Urban Landscape Using Subjective Well-Being Data: Empirical Evidence from Dalian, China

Faculty of Management and Economics, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116023, China
School of Economics and management, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 November 2017 / Revised: 15 December 2017 / Accepted: 20 December 2017 / Published: 24 December 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [1394 KB, uploaded 25 December 2017]   |  


It has been well recognized that the urban landscape ecosystem is able to make a great contribution to the quality of life for people who live in the city and beyond, thus it can potentially accrue a significant economic value to the human well-being. However, due to its public good nature, it is difficult to monetizing its values in a systematic manner. In this paper, we attempt to assess the economic value of the urban landscape through people’s life satisfaction approach utilizing a large sample of dataset complied from the general public survey in Dalian City which is one of the well-known tourism cities in China. The results indicate that most of the urban landscape attributes impose significant effects on people’s life satisfaction, thus accruing a considerable amount of value to the local residents. Taking a 10-point ranking scale for the urban landscape quality as an example, the household willingness to pay on average reaches ¥24,579 per annum for one point of ranking level increase. Relative to the low level of household income, those high-income households are much keener to the changes of the landscape quality. If the urban landscape quality is disaggregated into five levels, household’s marginal willingness-to-pay diminishes as the urban landscape’s rank level is improved. View Full-Text
Keywords: life satisfaction approach; economic valuation; landscape sustainability; human well-being life satisfaction approach; economic valuation; landscape sustainability; human well-being

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, E.; Kang, N.; Yu, Y. Valuing Urban Landscape Using Subjective Well-Being Data: Empirical Evidence from Dalian, China. Sustainability 2018, 10, 36.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top