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Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 241; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10010241

Carbon Dioxide Emissions of Spectators’ Transportation in Collegiate Sporting Events: Comparing On-Campus and Off-Campus Stadium Locations

1
Department of Tourism, Recreation and Sport Management, University of Florida, 300 Florida Gym, P.O. Box 118208, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
2
M.E. Rinker Sr. School of Construction Management, University of Florida, 332 Rinker Hall, P.O. Box 115703, Gainesville, FL 32611-5703, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 November 2017 / Revised: 6 January 2018 / Accepted: 12 January 2018 / Published: 18 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Leisure, Tourism, Sport and Community Development)
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Abstract

Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions related to spectator’s transportation to collegiate football events is a significant consideration in the overall carbon footprint of collegiate sporting events. Transportation mode affects CO2 emissions per spectator and stadium location, specifically on- and off-campus locations affect the transportation mode chosen by spectators. The quantity of CO2 emissions generated from spectators’ transportation to collegiate sporting events at an on-campus university stadium is compared to off-campus stadium. The transportation modes and miles traveled by spectators were modeled with GREET 2016 to estimate CO2 emissions. Significant differences were found between the two stadium locations regarding the spectators’ choice of transportation mode and distance traveled. Implications are presented for environmental sustainability and planning. View Full-Text
Keywords: sporting events; CO2 emissions; stadium location; sustainable transportation; environmental sustainability; urban planning sporting events; CO2 emissions; stadium location; sustainable transportation; environmental sustainability; urban planning
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Triantafyllidis, S.; Ries, R.J.; Kaplanidou, K.K. Carbon Dioxide Emissions of Spectators’ Transportation in Collegiate Sporting Events: Comparing On-Campus and Off-Campus Stadium Locations. Sustainability 2018, 10, 241.

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