Next Article in Journal
Modeling Spatial Distribution of Some Contamination within the Lower Reaches of Diyala River Using IDW Interpolation
Previous Article in Journal
Groundwater Level Dynamics in Bengaluru City, India
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10010023

Ants: Major Functional Elements in Fruit Agro-Ecosystems and Biological Control Agents

1
Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles, Centre pour le Développement de l’Horticulture, BP 3120 Dakar, Senegal
2
Département de Biologie Animale, Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar, BP 7925 Dakar, Senegal
3
Centre de Coopération Internationale de Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement, UPR HortSys, F-34398 Montpellier, France
4
Centre de Coopération Internationale de Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement, University de Montpellier, HortSys, F-34398 Montpellier, France
5
Centre de Coopération Internationale de Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement, UPR HortSys, F-97455 Saint-Pierre, La Réunion, France
6
Biopass, Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles—University Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar—Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, BP 2274 Dakar, Senegal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 October 2017 / Revised: 12 December 2017 / Accepted: 12 December 2017 / Published: 22 December 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [305 KB, uploaded 27 December 2017]

Abstract

Ants are a very diverse taxonomic group. They display remarkable social organization that has enabled them to be ubiquitous throughout the world. They make up approximately 10% of the world’s animal biomass. Ants provide ecosystem services in agrosystems by playing a major role in plant pollination, soil bioturbation, bioindication, and the regulation of crop-damaging insects. Over recent decades, there have been numerous studies in ant ecology and the focus on tree cropping systems has given added importance to ant ecology knowledge. The only missing point in this knowledge is the reasons underlying difference between the positive and negative effects of ants in tree cropping systems. This review article provides an overview of knowledge of the roles played by ants in orchards as functional elements, and on the potential of Oecophylla weaver ants as biological control agents. It also shows the potential and relevance of using ants as an agro-ecological diagnosis tool in orchards. Lastly, it demonstrates the potential elements which may determine the divergent negative and positive of their effects on cropping systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: Oecophylla sp.; mango tree; Citrus; agroecosystem services Oecophylla sp.; mango tree; Citrus; agroecosystem services
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Diamé, L.; Rey, J.-Y.; Vayssières, J.-F.; Grechi, I.; Chailleux, A.; Diarra, K. Ants: Major Functional Elements in Fruit Agro-Ecosystems and Biological Control Agents. Sustainability 2018, 10, 23.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top