Next Article in Journal
Attitudes and Sensory Perceptions of Food Consumers towards Technological Innovation in Mexico: A Case-Study on Rice-Based Dessert
Previous Article in Journal
Sustainable Collaborative Governance in Supply Chain
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 177; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10010177

Evolution of Integrated Open Aquaculture Systems in Hungary: Results from a Case Study

1
Faculty of Economics and Business, Institute of Sectoral Economics and Methodology, University of Debrecen, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
2
Hungarian Aquaculture and Fisheries Inter-Branch Organisation (MA-HAL), Ballagi Mór u. 8, 1118 Budapest, Hungary
3
Research Institute for Fisheries and Aquaculture (NARIC HAKI), National Agricultural Research and Innovation Centre, 8 Anna-liget, 5540 Szarvas, Hungary
4
Szent István University, Faculty of Food Science, 1118 Budapest, Hungary
5
Faculty of Economics and Business, Institute of Applied Informatics and Logistics, University of Debrecen, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 December 2017 / Revised: 8 January 2018 / Accepted: 9 January 2018 / Published: 12 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Wildlife)
Full-Text   |   PDF [4557 KB, uploaded 16 January 2018]   |  

Abstract

This article presents the history of integrated farming in aquaculture through a Hungarian case study. The development of Hungarian integrated aquaculture is aligned with global trends. In the previous millennium, the utilization of the nutrients introduced into the system was the main aspect of the integration. In Hungary, technologies that integrated fish production with growing crops and animal husbandry appeared, including for example: large-scale fish-cum-rice production; fish-cum-duck production; and integrated pig-fish farming which were introduced in the second half of the 20th century. Today, the emphasis is on integrating the use of the kind of feed where the main goal is to minimize nutrient loads in the surrounding natural ecosystems and to maximize the utilization of the unit’s water resources. The various modern integrated freshwater aquaculture systems, such as intensive fish production combined with wetland, recirculation aquaculture system and multi-functional aquaculture, have proved their viability. However, the future opportunities for these systems have not always been properly recognized and acknowledged when the future of European aquaculture is discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: integrated multi-trophic aquaculture; ecological aquaculture; environmentally sustainable aquaculture; sustainable production; challenges integrated multi-trophic aquaculture; ecological aquaculture; environmentally sustainable aquaculture; sustainable production; challenges
Figures

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Popp, J.; Váradi, L.; Békefi, E.; Péteri, A.; Gyalog, G.; Lakner, Z.; Oláh, J. Evolution of Integrated Open Aquaculture Systems in Hungary: Results from a Case Study. Sustainability 2018, 10, 177.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top