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Measuring International Migration in Azerbaijan

School of Business, İstanbul Medipol University, Kavacık Mah. Ekinciler Cad. No. 19 Kavacık Kavşağı—Beykoz, İstanbul 34810, Turkey
Department of Economics and Management, Khazar University, Mehseti Str. 41, Baku AZ1096, Azerbaijan
Department of Economics and Management, Azerbaijan State University of Economics (UNEC), Istiqlaliyyat Str. 6, Baku AZ1141, Azerbaijan
Department of International Relations, Baku Engineering University, Hasan Aliyev 120, Khirdalan AZ0101, Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Husein Javid Avenue 115, Baku AZ1096, Azerbaijan
King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center, P.O. Box 88550, Riyadh 11672, Saudi Arabia
Department of Statistics, Azerbaijan State University of Economics (UNEC), Istiqlaliyyat Str. 6, Baku AZ1141, Azerbaijan
International Border Management Unit, International Organization for Migration Mission in Azerbaijan, Baku AZ1096, Azerbaijan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 132;
Received: 27 November 2017 / Revised: 31 December 2017 / Accepted: 5 January 2018 / Published: 10 January 2018
PDF [544 KB, uploaded 10 January 2018]


International migration significantly affects economic, social, cultural, and political factors of the country. Owing to this situation, it can be said that the reasons of international migration should be analyzed in order to control this problem. The purpose of this study is to determine the influencing factors of international migration in Azerbaijan. In this scope, annual data of 11 explanatory variables for the period of 1995–2015 was analyzed via Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines (MARS) method. According to the results of this analysis, it was identified that people prefer to move other countries in case of high unemployment rates. In addition, the results of the study show that population growth and high mortality rate increases the migration level. While considering these results, it was recommended that Azerbaijan should focus on these aspects to control international migration problem. View Full-Text
Keywords: migration; international migration; determinants of migration; MARS method; Azerbaijan migration; international migration; determinants of migration; MARS method; Azerbaijan

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Yüksel, S.; Mukhtarov, S.; Mahmudlu, C.; Mikayilov, J.I.; Iskandarov, A. Measuring International Migration in Azerbaijan. Sustainability 2018, 10, 132.

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