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An Expert Opinion on “Glycemic Happiness”: Delineating the Concept and Determinant Factors for Persons with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

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Department of Endocrinology, Bharti Hospital and BRIDE, Karnal 132001, India
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Department of Endocrinology and Medicine, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry 605014, India
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Department of Endocrinology, Fortis Hospital, Chandigarh 160011, India
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Department of Endocrinology, Bhaktivedanta Hospital, Mumbai 401107, India
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Department of Medicine, Chaitanya Cardio Diabetes Centre, New Delhi 110026, India
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Department of Medical Affairs, Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Limited, Hyderabad 500034, India
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Clin. Pract. 2021, 11(3), 543-560; https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract11030071
Received: 25 May 2021 / Revised: 19 June 2021 / Accepted: 28 June 2021 / Published: 20 August 2021
The importance of the psychological impact of diabetes is globally well-documented. Evidence suggests that there is a high level of psychosocial burden of diabetes in India. Moreover, there is a lack of relevant knowledge among the patients and caregivers regarding the psychological impact of diabetes and how to cope with it, as compared to the majority of other countries. “Happiness of the patient” is an essential component of diabetes management, which potentially affects the treatment outcome, treatment adherence, self-care, and lifelong management of diabetes. Although several validated tools and scales exist for measuring psychological outcomes both in patients and physicians, tools to assess “happiness in diabetes care” are still lacking. With this background, an expert group meeting was held in India in September 2019, involving nine expert diabetologists and endocrinologists across the country to discuss the concept of “glycemic happiness”. This article summarizes the expert opinion on the factors affecting psychological outcomes in diabetes, introduces the concept of glycemic happiness, describes available scales and tools to measure general happiness, and delineates the five sets of questionnaires developed with questions that may help correlate with “glycemic happiness”. The questionnaires are based on a five-point Likert method. The experts also discussed and decided upon the study design for a proposed observational survey to assess glycemic happiness of persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) based on the developed five sets of questionnaires. Given the huge burden of diabetes in India, the introduction of the concept of glycemic happiness will help in the optimization of diabetes care in the country. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes; psychological impact; glycemic happiness; glycemic happiness scale; quality of life; psychosocial impact diabetes; psychological impact; glycemic happiness; glycemic happiness scale; quality of life; psychosocial impact
MDPI and ACS Style

Kalra, S.; Das, A.K.; Priya, G.; Joshi, A.; Punyani, H.; Krishna, N.; Gaurav, K. An Expert Opinion on “Glycemic Happiness”: Delineating the Concept and Determinant Factors for Persons with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Clin. Pract. 2021, 11, 543-560. https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract11030071

AMA Style

Kalra S, Das AK, Priya G, Joshi A, Punyani H, Krishna N, Gaurav K. An Expert Opinion on “Glycemic Happiness”: Delineating the Concept and Determinant Factors for Persons with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Clinics and Practice. 2021; 11(3):543-560. https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract11030071

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kalra, Sanjay, Ashok K. Das, Gagan Priya, Ameya Joshi, Hitesh Punyani, Nareen Krishna, and Kumar Gaurav. 2021. "An Expert Opinion on “Glycemic Happiness”: Delineating the Concept and Determinant Factors for Persons with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus" Clinics and Practice 11, no. 3: 543-560. https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract11030071

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