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Comparison of Autistic Individuals Who Engage in Self-Injurious Behavior, Aggression, and Both Behaviors

Autism Research Institute, San Diego, CA 92116, USA
Academic Editors: Giovanni Biondi and Marco Carotenuto
Pediatr. Rep. 2021, 13(4), 558-565; https://doi.org/10.3390/pediatric13040066
Received: 14 July 2021 / Revised: 9 August 2021 / Accepted: 15 September 2021 / Published: 1 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Pediatric Psychology)
Background. Two of the most challenging behaviors exhibited by individuals on the autism spectrum are self-injurious behavior (SIB) and aggression. The aim of this study was to identify co-occurring symptoms, behaviors, and medical comorbidities that may provide insight into understanding and treating these behaviors. Method. A large-scale online survey was used to collect data on symptoms, behaviors, and medically related comorbidities commonly reported in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Based on responses from 2327 participants, individuals with ASD were divided into four categories: individuals who engaged in SIB only, individuals who engaged in aggression only, individuals who engaged in both behaviors, and individuals who engaged in neither behavior. Results. There were several characteristics and comorbidities associated with those who engaged in SIB only and in aggression only, in addition to those who engaged in both behaviors. Conclusion. The findings in this study provide evidence to support at least two underlying causes of these behaviors (insensitivity to pain and reactions to food) as well as implications for treating them. Furthermore, several behaviors often observed during early childhood may be considered early predictors of these challenging behaviors. View Full-Text
Keywords: aggression; self-injurious behavior; self-harming behaviors; challenging behaviors; medical comorbidities; autism spectrum disorder aggression; self-injurious behavior; self-harming behaviors; challenging behaviors; medical comorbidities; autism spectrum disorder
MDPI and ACS Style

Edelson, S.M. Comparison of Autistic Individuals Who Engage in Self-Injurious Behavior, Aggression, and Both Behaviors. Pediatr. Rep. 2021, 13, 558-565. https://doi.org/10.3390/pediatric13040066

AMA Style

Edelson SM. Comparison of Autistic Individuals Who Engage in Self-Injurious Behavior, Aggression, and Both Behaviors. Pediatric Reports. 2021; 13(4):558-565. https://doi.org/10.3390/pediatric13040066

Chicago/Turabian Style

Edelson, Stephen M. 2021. "Comparison of Autistic Individuals Who Engage in Self-Injurious Behavior, Aggression, and Both Behaviors" Pediatric Reports 13, no. 4: 558-565. https://doi.org/10.3390/pediatric13040066

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