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Brief Report

Virucidal Efficacy of Household Dishwashers

Faculty of Life Sciences, Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences, Marie-Curie-Str. 1, 47533 Kleve, Germany
Henkel AG & Co KGaA, Henkelstraße 67, 40191 Düsseldorf, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Beniamino T. Cenci-Goga
Microbiol. Res. 2021, 12(2), 395-402;
Received: 26 March 2021 / Revised: 22 April 2021 / Accepted: 22 April 2021 / Published: 27 April 2021
Not only since SARS-CoV-2, have transmission routes of viruses been of interest. Noroviruses e.g., can be transmitted via smear infection, are relatively stable in the environment and very resistant to chemical disinfection. Some studies determined the virucidal efficacy of laundering processes, but few studies focused on the virucidal efficacy of dishwashing processes. Here, especially consumer related conditions are of interest. Households for example are a hotspot of norovirus infection and thus a sufficient reduction of these and other viruses from dishes must be insured to avoid an infection via this route. The likelihood of such an event should not be underestimated, since it was shown that the washing machine can be a reservoir for the transmission of extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing bacteria in newborns. Although viruses do not replicate in these devices a transmission via contaminated cutlery e.g., cannot be excluded. Using a consumer related approach to determine the virucidal efficacy of dishwashers, we found a combination of a bleach containing dishwasher detergent, a cleaning temperature of 45 °C for 45 min and a rinsing temperature of 50 °C, to be sufficient to reduces viral titer of bovine corona virus, murine norovirus and modified vaccinia virus by 4.8, 4.2 and 3.8 logarithmic stages respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: norovirus; dishwasher; virucidal efficacy; corona virus; vaccinia virus norovirus; dishwasher; virucidal efficacy; corona virus; vaccinia virus
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lucassen, R.; Weide, M.; Bockmühl, D. Virucidal Efficacy of Household Dishwashers. Microbiol. Res. 2021, 12, 395-402.

AMA Style

Lucassen R, Weide M, Bockmühl D. Virucidal Efficacy of Household Dishwashers. Microbiology Research. 2021; 12(2):395-402.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lucassen, Ralf, Mirko Weide, and Dirk Bockmühl. 2021. "Virucidal Efficacy of Household Dishwashers" Microbiology Research 12, no. 2: 395-402.

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