Next Article in Journal
The Sensing Internet—A Discussion on Its Impact on Rural Areas
Previous Article in Journal
Development of a Remote Monitoring System for Henhouse Environment Based on IoT Technology
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Future Internet 2015, 7(3), 342-362;

Enhanced Secure Trusted AODV (ESTA) Protocol to Mitigate Blackhole Attack in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

Department of Computer Engineering, Punjabi University, Patiala 147002, Punjab, India
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrew Hudson-Smith
Received: 15 July 2015 / Accepted: 14 September 2015 / Published: 23 September 2015
Full-Text   |   PDF [8355 KB, uploaded 23 September 2015]   |  


The self-organizing nature of the Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANETs) provide a communication channel anywhere, anytime without any pre-existing network infrastructure. However, it is exposed to various vulnerabilities that may be exploited by the malicious nodes. One such malicious behavior is introduced by blackhole nodes, which can be easily introduced in the network and, in turn, such nodes try to crumble the working of the network by dropping the maximum data under transmission. In this paper, a new protocol is proposed which is based on the widely used Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) protocol, Enhanced Secure Trusted AODV (ESTA), which makes use of multiple paths along with use of trust and asymmetric cryptography to ensure data security. The results, based on NS-3 simulation, reveal that the proposed protocol is effectively able to counter the blackhole nodes in three different scenarios. View Full-Text
Keywords: AODV; Multipath ROUTING; encryption; blackhole attack; trust AODV; Multipath ROUTING; encryption; blackhole attack; trust

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Singh, D.; Singh, A. Enhanced Secure Trusted AODV (ESTA) Protocol to Mitigate Blackhole Attack in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. Future Internet 2015, 7, 342-362.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Future Internet EISSN 1999-5903 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top