The Use of Personal Value Estimations to Select Images for Preservation in Public Library Digital Community Collections
2. Basis for Exploration
3. Research Questions
- Do public library users and library professionals value images posted to social media differently?
- What considerations influence digital images valued for inclusion in image collections in public libraries and why?
4.1. Context of Larger Study
4.3. Data Collection and Analysis
|Name||Gender||Race||Age||Education||PC use (years)||Using SM (years)||Using public libraries (years)||Frequency of public library use|
|Paul||M||White||52||MA||25||5||47||Every few months|
|Sally||F||White||48||BA, some graduate||Yes||2||10||Twice weekly|
|Clark||M||White||46||1 year||20+||7||40+||Once monthly|
|Yasmia||F||White||38||BA, some graduate||20||5||38||Weekly|
|Alice||F||White||37||BA||10||2||30||2–3 times weekly|
|Kathleen||F||Pacific Islander||36||BA||18||2||35||Once monthly|
|Henry||M||White||35||BA||16||15||30||Every few months|
|Fred||M||White||35||BA, some graduate||20||3||12||Every few months|
|Boris||M||White||31||1 year||17||3||12||Every other day|
|Ethan||M||White||29||BA||23||10||25||Once a year|
|Lucy||F||African-American||27||1 year||12||10||12||Once a month|
|Quenby||F||African-American||24||2 years||13||9||19||Once monthly|
|Larry||M||Arab||20||11th grade||3||5||17||Once monthly|
|Name||Gender||Race||Age||Education||PC use (years)||Using SM (years)||Using public libraries (years)||Frequency of public library use|
|Felicity||F||White||43||1 year of college||25||5||36||Twice per week|
|Yoko||F||White||36||MA||17||17||30||3 times weekly|
|Darla||F||White||34||MA||15||10||30||3 times weekly|
|Quincy||M||White||32||1 year of college||12||7||32||Daily|
|Adaline||F||African-American||32||MA||16||5||27||1–2 times monthly|
|Fawn||F||White||31||MA||15||7||31||1–2 times monthly|
|Barney||M||White||31||MA||21||3||27||1–3 times weekly|
|Octavia||F||White||29||MA||10||7||25||1–2 times monthly|
|Isaac||M||White||25||BA||18||7||18||Once a week|
|Derick||M||African-American||25||BA||12||11||25||Once a month|
|Hayden||M||White||23||1 year of college||23||7||23||Weekly|
6.1. Quantitative Findings
|Responses||Users (N = 30)||Librarians (N = 30)||p < 0.05|
|Super Bowl/Value to Me||6.3||0.794||5.97||0.85||0.043|
|Grand Canyon/Preserved Indefinitely||5.8||1.215||4.9||1.936||0.035|
6.2. Qualitative Findings
6.2.1. Wedding Photo 1971
Gloria, Participant #7: “I guess the sad thing is, is if I knew that it was a famous family, it would have more value to me. Truly.”
Ethan, Participant #31: “Possibly where it was taken. Any kind of weird details about the husband and wife. What led up to the event? Their story. That’s me, interested in story.”
6.2.2. Super Bowl
Gloria, Participant #7: “It’s a Super Bowl/Indianapolis photo. It’s with the numbers on the Monument Circle. And I got that picture. I took that picture. Everybody took that picture. And everybody’s version of that picture should be collected.”
6.2.3. Grand Canyon
Barney, Participant #54: “Well, for a collection that was on the Grand Canyon, it would make perfect sense. Or if this was about vacations that people took or something along those lines. This is a landmark, I guess, is why it really jumps out to me as being valuable in a digital collection.”
Darla, Participant #4: “Not a lot of value to me because it kind of looks like, I guess, every other picture of the Grand Canyon. You’ve seen one picture, you’ve seen ’em all. And I’ve personally never been there. So I don’t have a personal tie to it or anything.”
Carly, Participant #55: “Possibly. I think it’s pretty. I’ve been to the Grand Canyon. But I think, like I said with the other one, the photos that I took when I was there probably mean more to me than this, even though they might look exactly the same. There’s just something about it being yours versus another photographer’s. I don’t know.”
6.2.4. Abstract Image
Fawn, Participant #58: “Well, I mean, if it was done by a famous painter or artist. Or maybe an artist from the local community might make it valuable. Yeah, I think there’s more context that could make it more valuable.”
Gerald, Participant #33: “Yeah. Maybe how it was created, the programs, what it means to the artist, I always like hearing about. I also might not. (Laughter) But yeah, that sort of thing. Maybe where it was taken or I don’t know if it was a photo that’s amalgamated or some design program. Yes, other information could be useful for that.”
6.2.5. Grant Park
Alice, Participant #1: “I don’t know who the photographer was, what time it was taken. Maybe an article, if you could link it to an article if it appeared in an article, a newspaper article, something like that, I might read the article. But for me, it’s just somebody snapped a picture that night, and who was there. Or if I was there, I might have more of an attachment to it. I’ll want to remember that. But I don’t. I’ve only been to Chicago maybe a handful of times.”
Derick, Participant #30: “Yes. Because this was the election night of the current president. And these are, I assume, all of his supporters. I see Obama things around and USA in the background. And I think it really helps capture the country’s energy around this election and the excitement. And also it shows a lot of diversity within the pictures as far as ages, races, genders, ethnicities. And so, yeah, I think it’s a great American photo.”
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Copeland, A. The Use of Personal Value Estimations to Select Images for Preservation in Public Library Digital Community Collections. Future Internet 2014, 6, 359-377. https://doi.org/10.3390/fi6020359
Copeland A. The Use of Personal Value Estimations to Select Images for Preservation in Public Library Digital Community Collections. Future Internet. 2014; 6(2):359-377. https://doi.org/10.3390/fi6020359Chicago/Turabian Style
Copeland, Andrea. 2014. "The Use of Personal Value Estimations to Select Images for Preservation in Public Library Digital Community Collections" Future Internet 6, no. 2: 359-377. https://doi.org/10.3390/fi6020359