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A Land Use Planning Ontology: LBCS

Faculty of Architecture, Technical University of Lisbon (TULisbon), Rua Sá Nogueira, Pólo Universitário, Alto da Ajuda, Lisboa 1349-055, Portugal
Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon—LabMag (FCUL), Campo Grande, Lisboa 1749-016, Portugal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Future Internet 2012, 4(1), 65-82;
Received: 30 November 2011 / Revised: 28 December 2011 / Accepted: 30 December 2011 / Published: 6 January 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue NeoGeography and WikiPlanning)
PDF [490 KB, uploaded 6 January 2012]


Urban planning has a considerable impact on the economic performance of cities and on the quality of life of their populations. Efficiency at this level has been hampered by the lack of integrated tools to adequately describe urban space in order to formulate appropriate design solutions. This paper describes an ontology called LBCS-OWL2 specifically developed to overcome this flaw, based on the Land Based Classification Standards (LBCS), a comprehensive and detailed land use standard to describe the different dimensions of urban space. The goal is to provide semantic and computer-readable land use descriptions of geo-referenced spatial data. This will help to make programming strategies available to those involved in the urban development process. There are several advantages to transferring a land use standard to an OWL2 land use ontology: it is modular, it can be shared and reused, it can be extended and data consistency maintained, and it is ready for integration, thereby supporting the interoperability of different urban planning applications. This standard is used as a basic structure for the “City Information Modelling” (CIM) model developed within a larger research project called City Induction, which aims to develop a tool for urban planning and design. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban ontology; OWL2; land use planning; urban development process; CIM urban ontology; OWL2; land use planning; urban development process; CIM

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Montenegro, N.; Gomes, J.C.; Urbano, P.; Duarte, J.P. A Land Use Planning Ontology: LBCS. Future Internet 2012, 4, 65-82.

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