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Adolescent’s Collective Intelligence: Empirical Evidence in Real and Online Classmates Groups

by Enrico Imbimbo 1,*,†, Federica Stefanelli 1,*,† and Andrea Guazzini 2,*
1
Department of Education, Languages, Intercultures, Literatures and Psychology, University of Florence, Via di San Salvi, 12, Building 26, 50135 Florence, Italy
2
Center for Study of Complex Dynamics (C.S.D.C), University of Florence, Via Sansone, 1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Future Internet 2020, 12(5), 81; https://doi.org/10.3390/fi12050081
Received: 31 March 2020 / Revised: 24 April 2020 / Accepted: 27 April 2020 / Published: 29 April 2020
Humans create teams to be more successful in a large variety of tasks. Groups are characterized by an emergent property called collective intelligence, which leads them to be smarter than single individuals. Previous studies proved that collective intelligence characterizes both real and online environments, focusing on adults’ performances. In this work, we explored which factors promote group success in an offline and online logical task with adolescents. Five hundred and fifty high school students participated in the experiment and faced Raven’s Advanced Progressive Matrices, first by themselves using the computer, then in a group. Groups interactions could have been computer-mediated or face-to-face, and the participants were randomly assigned to one of the two experimental conditions. Results suggest that groups perform better than singles, regardless of the experimental condition. Among adolescents, online groups performance was negatively affected by participants’ average perception of group cohesion, the difficulty of the problem, and the number of communicative exchanges that occur in the interaction. On the contrary, the factors that improve their performances were the average intelligence of the teammates, their levels of neuroticism, and the group heterogeneity in terms of social abilities. This work contributes to the literature with a comprehensive model of collective intelligence among young people. View Full-Text
Keywords: collective-intelligence; computer-mediated-communication; group performance; problem-solving collective-intelligence; computer-mediated-communication; group performance; problem-solving
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Imbimbo, E.; Stefanelli, F.; Guazzini, A. Adolescent’s Collective Intelligence: Empirical Evidence in Real and Online Classmates Groups. Future Internet 2020, 12, 81.

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