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Open AccessArticle

ndnIoT-FC: IoT Devices as First-Class Traffic in Name Data Networks

1
Instituto de Telecomunicações, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
2
ISEL—Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa, 1959-007 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Future Internet 2020, 12(11), 207; https://doi.org/10.3390/fi12110207
Received: 15 October 2020 / Revised: 19 November 2020 / Accepted: 20 November 2020 / Published: 21 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers for Future Internet—Internet of Things Section)
In recent years we have been assisting a radical change in the way devices are connected to the Internet. In this new scope, the traditional TCP/IP host-centric network fails in large-scale mobile wireless distributed environments, such as IoT scenarios, due to node mobility, dynamic topologies and intermittent connectivity, and the Information-Centric Networking (ICN) paradigm has been considered the most promising candidate to overcome the drawbacks of host-centric architectures. Despite bringing efficient solutions for content distribution, the basic ICN operating principle, where content must always be associated with an interest, has serious restrictions in IoT environments in relation to scale, performance, and naming, among others. To address such drawbacks, we are presenting ndnIoT-FC, an NDN-based architecture that respects the ICN rules but offers special treatment for IoT traffic. It combines efficient hybrid naming with strategies to minimize the number of interests and uses caching strategies that virtually eliminates copies of IoT data from intermediate nodes. The ndnIoT-FC makes available new NDN-based application-to-application protocol to implement a signature model operation and tools to manage its life cycle, following a publisher-subscriber scheme. To demonstrate the versatility of the proposed architecture, we show the results of the efficient gathering of environmental information in a simulation environment considering different and distinct use cases. View Full-Text
Keywords: Internet of Things; Smart City; Information-Centric Network; Named Data Networks; publish-subscribe Internet of Things; Smart City; Information-Centric Network; Named Data Networks; publish-subscribe
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Gameiro, L.; Senna, C.; Luís, M. ndnIoT-FC: IoT Devices as First-Class Traffic in Name Data Networks. Future Internet 2020, 12, 207.

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