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Viruses 2016, 8(9), 261;

Cell Culture Models for the Investigation of Hepatitis B and D Virus Infection

Inserm, U1110, Institut de Recherche sur les Maladies Virales et Hépatiques, 3 rue Koeberlé, 67000 Strasbourg, France
Université de Strasbourg, 4 rue Blaise Pascal, 67081 Strasbourg, France
Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire, Pôle Hépato-digestif, Nouvel Hôpital Civil, 1 place de l'hôpital, 67000 Strasbourg, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Charu Kaushic
Received: 15 July 2016 / Revised: 12 September 2016 / Accepted: 14 September 2016 / Published: 20 September 2016
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Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis D virus (HDV) infections are major causes of liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma worldwide. Despite the presence of an efficient preventive vaccine, more than 250 million patients are chronically infected with HBV. Current antivirals effectively control but only rarely cure chronic infection. While the molecular biology of the two viruses has been characterized in great detail, the absence of robust cell culture models for HBV and/or HDV infection has limited the investigation of virus-host interactions. Native hepatoma cell lines do not allow viral infection, and the culture of primary hepatocytes, the natural host cell for the viruses, implies a series of constraints restricting the possibilities of analyzing virus-host interactions. Recently, the discovery of the sodium taurocholate co-transporting polypeptide (NTCP) as a key HBV/HDV cell entry factor has opened the door to a new era of investigation, as NTCP-overexpressing hepatoma cells acquire susceptibility to HBV and HDV infections. In this review, we summarize the major cell culture models for HBV and HDV infection, discuss their advantages and limitations and highlight perspectives for future developments. View Full-Text
Keywords: Viral cell entry; hepatocytes; hepatoma cells; life cycle; NTCP Viral cell entry; hepatocytes; hepatoma cells; life cycle; NTCP

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Verrier, E.R.; Colpitts, C.C.; Schuster, C.; Zeisel, M.B.; Baumert, T.F. Cell Culture Models for the Investigation of Hepatitis B and D Virus Infection. Viruses 2016, 8, 261.

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