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Review

A Brief History of Giant Viruses’ Studies in Brazilian Biomes

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Laboratório de Vírus, Departamento de Microbiologia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte 31270-901, Minas Gerais, Brazil
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Embrapa Pantanal, Corumbá 79320-900, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
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Departamento de Virologia, Instituto de Microbiologia Paulo de Góes, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 21941-590, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
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Laboratório de Genética Evolutiva Paulo Leminsk, Departamento de Biologia Molecular, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, João Pessoa 58050-085, Paraíba, Brazil
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Laboratório de Virologia, Departamento de Microbiologia, Imunologia e Parasitologia, Instituto de Ciências Básicas da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre 90.050-170, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: K. Andrew White
Viruses 2022, 14(2), 191; https://doi.org/10.3390/v14020191
Received: 18 November 2021 / Revised: 11 January 2022 / Accepted: 15 January 2022 / Published: 19 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genomics of Giant Viruses)
Almost two decades after the isolation of the first amoebal giant viruses, indubitably the discovery of these entities has deeply affected the current scientific knowledge on the virosphere. Much has been uncovered since then: viruses can now acknowledge complex genomes and huge particle sizes, integrating remarkable evolutionary relationships that date as early as the emergence of life on the planet. This year, a decade has passed since the first studies on giant viruses in the Brazilian territory, and since then biomes of rare beauty and biodiversity (Amazon, Atlantic forest, Pantanal wetlands, Cerrado savannas) have been explored in the search for giant viruses. From those unique biomes, novel viral entities were found, revealing never before seen genomes and virion structures. To celebrate this, here we bring together the context, inspirations, and the major contributions of independent Brazilian research groups to summarize the accumulated knowledge about the diversity and the exceptionality of some of the giant viruses found in Brazil. View Full-Text
Keywords: amoebae viruses; Brazilian isolates; giant virus; NCLDV; virosphere; virus diversity amoebae viruses; Brazilian isolates; giant virus; NCLDV; virosphere; virus diversity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Boratto, P.V.M.; Serafim, M.S.M.; Witt, A.S.A.; Crispim, A.P.C.; Azevedo, B.L.d.; Souza, G.A.P.d.; Aquino, I.L.M.d.; Machado, T.B.; Queiroz, V.F.; Rodrigues, R.A.L.; Bergier, I.; Cortines, J.R.; Farias, S.T.d.; Santos, R.N.d.; Campos, F.S.; Franco, A.C.; Abrahão, J.S. A Brief History of Giant Viruses’ Studies in Brazilian Biomes. Viruses 2022, 14, 191. https://doi.org/10.3390/v14020191

AMA Style

Boratto PVM, Serafim MSM, Witt ASA, Crispim APC, Azevedo BLd, Souza GAPd, Aquino ILMd, Machado TB, Queiroz VF, Rodrigues RAL, Bergier I, Cortines JR, Farias STd, Santos RNd, Campos FS, Franco AC, Abrahão JS. A Brief History of Giant Viruses’ Studies in Brazilian Biomes. Viruses. 2022; 14(2):191. https://doi.org/10.3390/v14020191

Chicago/Turabian Style

Boratto, Paulo V.M., Mateus S.M. Serafim, Amanda S.A. Witt, Ana P.C. Crispim, Bruna L.d. Azevedo, Gabriel A.P.d. Souza, Isabella L.M.d. Aquino, Talita B. Machado, Victória F. Queiroz, Rodrigo A.L. Rodrigues, Ivan Bergier, Juliana R. Cortines, Savio T.d. Farias, Raíssa N.d. Santos, Fabrício S. Campos, Ana C. Franco, and Jônatas S. Abrahão. 2022. "A Brief History of Giant Viruses’ Studies in Brazilian Biomes" Viruses 14, no. 2: 191. https://doi.org/10.3390/v14020191

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