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Article

Orthohantavirus Survey in Indigenous Lands in a Savannah-Like Biome, Brazil

1
Nursing Department, Mato Grosso State University Campus Tangara da Serra, Tangara da Serra 78300-000, MT, Brazil
2
Public Health Institute, Mato Grosso Federal University, Cuiaba 78060-900, MT, Brazil
3
Laboratory of Hantaviruses and Rickettsioses, Oswaldo Cruz Institute—FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro 21040-900, RJ, Brazil
4
Health Secretary of State of Mato Grosso, Cuiaba 78060-900, MT, Brazil
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Laboratory of Biology and Parasitology of Wild Mammals Reservoirs, Oswaldo Cruz Institute—FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro 21040-900, RJ, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Esther Schnettler and Benjamin Brennan
Viruses 2021, 13(6), 1122; https://doi.org/10.3390/v13061122
Received: 19 February 2021 / Revised: 8 March 2021 / Accepted: 22 March 2021 / Published: 11 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bunyavirus 2020)
In Brazil, the first confirmed cases of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome in Indigenous populations occurred in 2001. The purpose of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of orthohantavirus infections in the Utiariti Indigenous land located in the southeastern region of the Brazilian Amazon. In December 2014 and 2015, a survey was conducted using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in nine villages belonging to the Haliti–Paresí Indigenous communities. A total of 301 participants were enrolled in the study. Of the two study cohorts, the one from 2014 showed a prevalence of 12.4%, whereas the one from 2015 had a serum prevalence of 13.4%. Analysis of the paired samples of 110 Indigenous people who participated in both stages of the study enabled identification of four individuals who had seroconverted during the study period. Identifying the circulation of orthohantaviruses in the Utiariti Indigenous land highlights a serious public health problem in viral expansion and highlights the need to implement preventive measures appropriate to the sociocultural reality of these communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: hantavirus infections; hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome; Indigenous population hantavirus infections; hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome; Indigenous population
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MDPI and ACS Style

Terças-Trettel, A.C.P.; de Melo, A.V.G.; de Oliveira, R.C.; Guterres, A.; Fernandes, J.; Pereira, L.S.; Atanaka, M.; Espinosa, M.M.; Teixeira, B.R.; Bonvicino, C.R.; D’Andrea, P.S.; de Lemos, E.R.S. Orthohantavirus Survey in Indigenous Lands in a Savannah-Like Biome, Brazil. Viruses 2021, 13, 1122. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13061122

AMA Style

Terças-Trettel ACP, de Melo AVG, de Oliveira RC, Guterres A, Fernandes J, Pereira LS, Atanaka M, Espinosa MM, Teixeira BR, Bonvicino CR, D’Andrea PS, de Lemos ERS. Orthohantavirus Survey in Indigenous Lands in a Savannah-Like Biome, Brazil. Viruses. 2021; 13(6):1122. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13061122

Chicago/Turabian Style

Terças-Trettel, Ana C.P.; de Melo, Alba V.G.; de Oliveira, Renata C.; Guterres, Alexandro; Fernandes, Jorlan; Pereira, Liana S.; Atanaka, Marina; Espinosa, Mariano M.; Teixeira, Bernardo R.; Bonvicino, Cibele R.; D’Andrea, Paulo S.; de Lemos, Elba R.S. 2021. "Orthohantavirus Survey in Indigenous Lands in a Savannah-Like Biome, Brazil" Viruses 13, no. 6: 1122. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13061122

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