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Detection of Tioman Virus in Pteropus vampyrus Near Flores, Indonesia

1
Division of Vertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY 10024, USA
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Zoology Division, National Museum of Natural History, Manila 1000, Philippines
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Ph.D. Program in Biology, Graduate Center, City University of New York, New York, NY 10016, USA
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Biology Department, City College of New York, City University of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA
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Programme in Emerging Infectious Diseases, Duke-National University of Singapore Medical School, Singapore 169857, Singapore
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Graduate School for Integrative Sciences and Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119077, Singapore
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Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense, Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Cibinong, West Java 16911, Indonesia
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Health and Biosecurity, The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Black Mountain, ACT 2601, Australia
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School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
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SingHealth Duke-NUS Global Health Institute, SingHealth Duke-NUS Academic Medical Centre, Singapore 168753, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peng Zhou
Viruses 2021, 13(4), 563; https://doi.org/10.3390/v13040563
Received: 27 January 2021 / Revised: 13 March 2021 / Accepted: 15 March 2021 / Published: 26 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Viruses)
Diverse paramyxoviruses have coevolved with their bat hosts, including fruit bats such as flying foxes (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae). Several of these viruses are zoonotic, but the diversity and distribution of Paramyxoviridae are poorly understood. We screened pooled feces samples from three Pteropus vampyrus colonies and assayed tissues, rectal swabs, and oral swabs from 95 individuals of 23 pteropodid species sampled at 17 sites across the Indonesian archipelago with a conventional paramyxovirus PCR; all tested negative. Samples from 43 individuals were screened with next generation sequencing (NGS), and a single Pteropus vampyrus collected near Flores had Tioman virus sequencing reads. Tioman virus is a bat-borne virus in the genus Pararubulavirus with prior evidence of spillover to humans. This work expands the known range of Tioman virus, and it is likely that this isolated colony likely has sustained intergenerational transmission over a long period. View Full-Text
Keywords: bat-borne virus; flying foxes; Indonesia; next generation sequencing; paramyxovirus; Pteropodidae bat-borne virus; flying foxes; Indonesia; next generation sequencing; paramyxovirus; Pteropodidae
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tsang, S.M.; Low, D.H.W.; Wiantoro, S.; Smith, I.; Jayakumar, J.; Simmons, N.B.; Vijaykrishna, D.; Lohman, D.J.; Mendenhall, I.H. Detection of Tioman Virus in Pteropus vampyrus Near Flores, Indonesia. Viruses 2021, 13, 563. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13040563

AMA Style

Tsang SM, Low DHW, Wiantoro S, Smith I, Jayakumar J, Simmons NB, Vijaykrishna D, Lohman DJ, Mendenhall IH. Detection of Tioman Virus in Pteropus vampyrus Near Flores, Indonesia. Viruses. 2021; 13(4):563. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13040563

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tsang, Susan M., Dolyce H.W. Low, Sigit Wiantoro, Ina Smith, Jayanthi Jayakumar, Nancy B. Simmons, Dhanasekaran Vijaykrishna, David J. Lohman, and Ian H. Mendenhall 2021. "Detection of Tioman Virus in Pteropus vampyrus Near Flores, Indonesia" Viruses 13, no. 4: 563. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13040563

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