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Open AccessArticle

Characterization of Potato Virus Y Isolates and Assessment of Nanopore Sequencing to Detect and Genotype Potato Viruses

Crop Science Department, Teagasc, Oak Park, R93XE12 Carlow, Ireland
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Viruses 2020, 12(4), 478; https://doi.org/10.3390/v12040478
Received: 2 April 2020 / Revised: 16 April 2020 / Accepted: 18 April 2020 / Published: 23 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Virus Pathogenesis and Disease Control)
Potato virus Y (PVY) is the most economically important virus infecting cultivated potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Accurate diagnosis is crucial to regulate the trade of tubers and for the sanitary selection of plant material for propagation. However, high genetic diversity of PVY represents a challenge for the detection and classification of isolates. Here, the diversity of Irish PVY isolates from a germplasm collection and commercial sites was investigated using conventional molecular and serological techniques. Recombinant PVY isolates were prevalent, with PVYNTNa being the predominant genotype. In addition, we evaluated Nanopore sequencing to detect and reconstruct the whole genome sequence of four viruses (PVY, PVX, PVS, PLRV) and five PVY genotypes in a subset of eight potato plants. De novo assembly of Nanopore sequencing reads produced single contigs covering greater than 90% of the viral genome and sharing greater than 99.5% identity to the consensus sequences obtained with Illumina sequencing. Interestingly, single near full genome contigs were obtained for different isolates of PVY co-infecting the same plant. Mapping reads to available reference viral genomes enabled us to generate near complete genome sequences sharing greater than 99.90% identity to the Illumina-derived consensus. This is the first report describing the use of Oxford Nanopore’s MinION to detect and genotype potato viruses. We reconstructed the genome of PVY and other RNA viruses; indicating the technologies potential for virus detection in potato production systems, and for the study of genetic diversity of highly heterogeneous viruses such as PVY. View Full-Text
Keywords: potato viruses; PVY recombinants; genotype; diversity; sequencing; Nanopore potato viruses; PVY recombinants; genotype; diversity; sequencing; Nanopore
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Della Bartola, M.; Byrne, S.; Mullins, E. Characterization of Potato Virus Y Isolates and Assessment of Nanopore Sequencing to Detect and Genotype Potato Viruses. Viruses 2020, 12, 478.

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