Potential Application of TALENs against Murine Cytomegalovirus Latent Infections
AbstractCytomegalovirus (CMV) infections are still a global health problem, because the latent viruses persist in humans and cause recurring diseases. Currently, there are no therapies for CMV latent infections and the therapies for active infections are limited by side effects and other problems. It is impossible to eradicate latent viruses in animals. HCMV (human CMV) is specific to human diseases; however, it is difficult to study HCMV due to its host specificity and long life cycle. Fortunately, MCMV (murine CMV) provides an excellent animal model. Here, three specific pairs of transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALEN) plasmids (MCMV1–2, 3–4, and 5–6) were constructed to target the MCMV M80/80.5 sequence in order to test their efficacy in blocking MCMV lytic replication in NIH3T3 cell culture. The preliminary data showed that TALEN plasmids demonstrate specific targeting and cleavage in the MCMV M80/80.5 sequence and effectively inhibit MCMV growth in cell culture when the plasmid transfection is prior to the viral infection. The most specific pairs of TALEN plasmids (MCMV3–4) were further used to confirm the negative regulation of latent MCMV replication and gene expression in Balb/c mice. The injection of specific TALEN plasmids caused significant inhibition in the copy number level of immediately early gene (ie-1) DNA in five organs of mice, when compared with the controls. The result demonstrated that TALENs potentially provide an effective strategy to remove latent MCMV in animals. View Full-Text
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Chen, S.-J.; Chen, Y.-C. Potential Application of TALENs against Murine Cytomegalovirus Latent Infections. Viruses 2019, 11, 414.
Chen S-J, Chen Y-C. Potential Application of TALENs against Murine Cytomegalovirus Latent Infections. Viruses. 2019; 11(5):414.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chen, Shiu-Jau; Chen, Yuan-Chuan. 2019. "Potential Application of TALENs against Murine Cytomegalovirus Latent Infections." Viruses 11, no. 5: 414.
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