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Viruses 2018, 10(5), 218; https://doi.org/10.3390/v10050218

Framing the Future with Bacteriophages in Agriculture

1
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Vineland Station, ON L0R 2E0, Canada
2
Department of Microbiology, Pasteur Institute, 75015 Paris, France
3
Department of Biological Sciences, Brock University, St. Catharines, ON L2S 3A1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 March 2018 / Revised: 20 April 2018 / Accepted: 22 April 2018 / Published: 25 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hurdles for Phage Therapy (PT) to Become a Reality)
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Abstract

The ability of agriculture to continually provide food to a growing world population is of crucial importance. Bacterial diseases of plants and animals have continually reduced production since the advent of crop cultivation and animal husbandry practices. Antibiotics have been used extensively to mitigate these losses. The rise of antimicrobial resistant (AMR) bacteria, however, together with consumers’ calls for antibiotic-free products, presents problems that threaten sustainable agriculture. Bacteriophages (phages) are proposed as bacterial population control alternatives to antibiotics. Their unique properties make them highly promising but challenging antimicrobials. The use of phages in agriculture also presents a number of unique challenges. This mini-review summarizes recent development and perspectives of phages used as antimicrobial agents in plant and animal agriculture at the farm level. The main pathogens and their adjoining phage therapies are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: bacteriophage; phage therapy; sustainable agriculture; zoonosis; antibiotic resistance bacteriophage; phage therapy; sustainable agriculture; zoonosis; antibiotic resistance
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Svircev, A.; Roach, D.; Castle, A. Framing the Future with Bacteriophages in Agriculture. Viruses 2018, 10, 218.

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