Fine-Root Responses of Populus tomentosa Forests to Stand Density
AbstractStand density directly affects the distribution of ecological factors such as light, heat, and water in forest communities and changes the diversity and structure of undergrowth species, thereby affecting soil health. Fine roots can provide water and nutrients to plants rapidly in the fierce competition of soil resources, so as to get rid of environmental factors. This study examined the fine-root responses of the Populus tomentosa clone S86 to three stand densities (plant × row spacing: 2 × 2 m, 4 × 3 m, 4 × 5 m). We measured the biomass, morphology, and nitrogen content of lower- (1–3 order) and higher-order (>3 order) fine roots, and analyzed soil chemical properties in 10–30 cm. The soil from the density (2 × 2 m) stands showed lower soil organic matter content, available nitrogen, available phosphorous, and available potassium than others. Obviously, lower and higher-order fine roots were different: biomass of the >3 order accounted for 77–87% of the total biomass, 1–3-order fine-root diameter around 0.28–0.38 mm, while >3-order fine root were 1.28–1.69 mm; the length of 1–3-order fine root was longer than the >3 order, and root length density, specific root length, and nutrient content between the 1–3 and >3 orders were different. At 2 × 2 m, 1–3-order fine-root biomass was the highest, 132.5 g/m3, and the 1–3-order fine-root length, diameter, surface, root length density was also the highest; at the same time, the 1–3-order fine-root total nitrogen and organic matter content was also the highest, while the >3 order was highest under 4 × 3 m or 4 × 5 m. The findings of this study show that stand density affected the available nutrient content of the soil. When soil resources were poor, the biomass, morphology, and chemical content of fine roots were adjusted to increase the nutrient absorption rate, particularly in the lower-order roots. View Full-Text
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Bo, H.; Wen, C.; Song, L.; Yue, Y.; Nie, L. Fine-Root Responses of Populus tomentosa Forests to Stand Density. Forests 2018, 9, 562.
Bo H, Wen C, Song L, Yue Y, Nie L. Fine-Root Responses of Populus tomentosa Forests to Stand Density. Forests. 2018; 9(9):562.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bo, Huijuan; Wen, Chunyan; Song, Lianjun; Yue, Yatao; Nie, Lishui. 2018. "Fine-Root Responses of Populus tomentosa Forests to Stand Density." Forests 9, no. 9: 562.
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