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Forests 2018, 9(4), 164; https://doi.org/10.3390/f9040164

Total Weight and Axle Loads of Truck Units in the Transport of Timber Depending on the Timber Cargo

1
Department of Forest Utilization, Faculty of Forestry, Warsaw University of Life Sciences—SGGW, Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
2
Division of Dendrology and Forest Production, Faculty of Forestry, Warsaw University of Life Sciences SGGW, Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 January 2018 / Revised: 19 March 2018 / Accepted: 22 March 2018 / Published: 23 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forest Operations, Engineering and Management)
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Abstract

When transporting timber, the high variability of species, assortments and moisture content of the wood raw material does not allow the weight of the transported timber to be precisely determined. This often contributes to the excessive weight loading of the entire truck unit. The aim of the research is to present the variability of the total weight of truck units with wood cargoes (GVW—gross vehicle weight) depending on the weight of the empty unit and the transported timber load, as well as to analyze the changes in GVW, unit loads of wood and load on individual truck unit axles depending on the season. This study analyzes the total weight of truck units for 376 transports of Scots pine timber at different times of the year. The total weight of the truck units depends on the weight of an empty unit and the weight of the load. GVW was determined by using a weighbridge to weigh the vehicles and then the empty unit after unloading. The weight of the load was obtained as the difference between GVW and the tare. It was found that GVW differed significantly depending on the truck unit used, ranging from 43.60–58.80 Mg, often exceeding permissible limits for public roads. The individual axle loads for various truck units were also analyzed. The obtained results indicate that these loads are more equally distributed in the case of five-axle trucks compared to six-axle ones. View Full-Text
Keywords: timber transport; axle load; gross vehicle weight; timber load; empty vehicle weight timber transport; axle load; gross vehicle weight; timber load; empty vehicle weight
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Trzciński, G.; Moskalik, T.; Wojtan, R. Total Weight and Axle Loads of Truck Units in the Transport of Timber Depending on the Timber Cargo. Forests 2018, 9, 164.

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