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Open AccessArticle

Assessment of Textural Differentiations in Forest Resources in Romania Using Fractal Analysis

Research Center for Integrated Analysis and Territorial Management, University of Bucharest, 4-12 Regina Elisabeta Avenue, 030018 Bucharest, Romania
Research Institute of the University of Bucharest, 36-46 Mihail Kogălniceanu Blvd, 050107 Bucharest, Romania
Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Oster Voldgade 10, DK-1350 Copenhagen, Denmark
Centre for Physiological Medicine, Institute of Biophysics, Medical University of Graz, 8010 Graz, Austria
Faculty of Geography, University of Bucharest, 1, Nicolae Bălcescu Blvd, 010041 Bucharest, Romania
Laboratory of Cancer Cell Biology, Institute for Oncology and Radiology, Pasterova 14, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics (CREA)-Research Center for Politics and Bioeconomy, Street Po 14, 00198 Rome, Italy
Laboratory of Applied Ecology, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 526 Cotonou, Benin
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Glenn Juday
Forests 2017, 8(3), 54;
Received: 30 January 2017 / Revised: 19 February 2017 / Accepted: 22 February 2017 / Published: 24 February 2017
Deforestation and forest degradation have several negative effects on the environment including a loss of species habitats, disturbance of the water cycle and reduced ability to retain CO2, with consequences for global warming. We investigated the evolution of forest resources from development regions in Romania affected by both deforestation and reforestation using a non-Euclidean method based on fractal analysis. We calculated four fractal dimensions of forest areas: the fractal box-counting dimension of the forest areas, the fractal box-counting dimension of the dilated forest areas, the fractal dilation dimension and the box-counting dimension of the border of the dilated forest areas. Fractal analysis revealed morpho-structural and textural differentiations of forested, deforested and reforested areas in development regions with dominant mountain relief and high hills (more forested and compact organization) in comparison to the development regions dominated by plains or low hills (less forested, more fragmented with small and isolated clusters). Our analysis used the fractal analysis that has the advantage of analyzing the entire image, rather than studying local information, thereby enabling quantification of the uniformity, fragmentation, heterogeneity and homogeneity of forests. View Full-Text
Keywords: fractal analysis; forest resources; forest management; box-counting method; deforestation fractal analysis; forest resources; forest management; box-counting method; deforestation
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Andronache, I.; Fensholt, R.; Ahammer, H.; Ciobotaru, A.-M.; Pintilii, R.-D.; Peptenatu, D.; Drăghici, C.-C.; Diaconu, D.C.; Radulović, M.; Pulighe, G.; Azihou, A.F.; Toyi, M.S.; Sinsin, B. Assessment of Textural Differentiations in Forest Resources in Romania Using Fractal Analysis. Forests 2017, 8, 54.

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