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Forests 2017, 8(10), 374; https://doi.org/10.3390/f8100374

Transcriptome Sequencing and Comparative Analysis of Piptoporus betulinus in Response to Birch Sawdust Induction

1,2,†
,
2,3,†
,
4
and
2,*
1
Inner Mongolia Key Laboratory of Meadow Steppe Ecosystem and Global Change, College of Life and Environmental Science, Hulunbuir University, Inner Mongolia 021000, China
2
College of Life Science, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
3
Key Laboratory of Saline-alkali Vegetation Ecology Restoration in Oil Field (SAVER), Alkali Soil Natural Environmental Science Center (ASNESC), Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
4
Key Laboratory of Vegetation Ecology, Ministry of Education, Institute of Grassland Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Filippos A. (Phil) Aravanopoulos
Received: 18 August 2017 / Revised: 25 September 2017 / Accepted: 27 September 2017 / Published: 7 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genetics and Genomics of Forest Trees)
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Abstract

Piptoporus betulinus, a brown-rot parasitic fungus of birch trees (Betula species), has been used as a common anti-parasitic and antibacterial agent. The lack of genetic resource data for P. betulinus has limited the exploration of this species. In this present study, we used Illumina Hiseq 2500 technology to examine the transcriptome assembly of P. betulinus in response to birch sawdust induction. By de novo assembly, 21,882 non-redundant unigenes were yielded, and 21,255 (97.1%) were annotated with known gene sequences. A total of 340 responsive unigenes were highly homologous with putative lignocellulose-degrading enzyme candidates. Additionally, 86 unigenes might be involved in the chemical reaction in xenobiotics biodegradation and metabolism, which suggests that this fungus could convert xenobiotic materials and has the potential ability to clean up environmental pollutants. To our knowledge, this was the first study on transcriptome sequencing and comparative analysis of P. betulinus, which provided a better understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying birch sawdust induction and identified lignocelluloses degrading enzymes. View Full-Text
Keywords: Piptoporus betulinus; transcriptome; comparative analysis; lignocellulose degradation Piptoporus betulinus; transcriptome; comparative analysis; lignocellulose degradation
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Yang, L.; Peng, M.; Shah, S.S.; Wang, Q. Transcriptome Sequencing and Comparative Analysis of Piptoporus betulinus in Response to Birch Sawdust Induction. Forests 2017, 8, 374.

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