Next Article in Journal
Full-Waveform Airborne Laser Scanning in Vegetation Studies—A Review of Point Cloud and Waveform Features for Tree Species Classification
Previous Article in Journal
Correction: Lopatin, E., et al. Assessment of Compliance with PEFC Forest Certification Indicators with Remote Sensing. Forests 2016, 7, 85
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Forests 2016, 7(9), 197;

Genetic Diversity of the Black Mangrove Avicennia germinans (L.) Stearn in Northwestern Mexico

Facultad de Ciencias del Mar, Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa, Paseo Claussen s/n, Colonia Los Pinos., Mazatlán, Sinaloa 82000, Mexico
Instituto de Ciencias Biológicas, Libramiento Norte-Poniente s/n, Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas (UNICACH), Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas 29000, Mexico
Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, 137 Mulford Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Eric J. Jokela and Om P. Rajora
Received: 18 July 2016 / Revised: 24 August 2016 / Accepted: 30 August 2016 / Published: 3 September 2016
Full-Text   |   PDF [2625 KB, uploaded 3 September 2016]   |  


Mangrove forests of Mexico have been threatened by the effects of anthropogenic activities during the last decades, mostly related to aquaculture, agriculture, livestock and urban development. Genetic diversity and fine-scale genetic structure of two generations of the black mangrove Avicennia germinans (L.) Stearn were investigated in perturbed and preserved sites from three lagoon systems in Sinaloa, Mexico. Genetic diversity and overall genetic structure were similar between perturbed and preserved sites. However, lower levels of fine-scale spatial genetic structure were observed in two of the younger (sapling) generations. We attribute this to differences in local dynamics of each lagoon system, their status of conservation and levels of fragmentation. Also, low connectivity and the effects of disturbance could restrict the movement of pollinators and seed dispersal capabilities, resulting in low levels of genetic diversity and signs of inbreeding. Perturbed populations of A. germinans may play an important role in in situ conservation of this complex ecosystem. View Full-Text
Keywords: Avicennia germinans; spatial genetic structure; mangrove; microsatellite Avicennia germinans; spatial genetic structure; mangrove; microsatellite

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Millán-Aguilar, O.; Manzano-Sarabia, M.; Nettel-Hernanz, A.; Dodd, R.S.; Hurtado-Oliva, M.Á.; Velázquez-Velázquez, E. Genetic Diversity of the Black Mangrove Avicennia germinans (L.) Stearn in Northwestern Mexico. Forests 2016, 7, 197.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Forests EISSN 1999-4907 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top