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Tree Species and Their Space Requirements in Six Urban Environments Worldwide

Chair for Forest Growth and Yield Science, Center of Life and Food Sciences Weihenstephan, Technical University of Munich, Hans-Carl-von-Carlowitz-Platz 2, Freising 85354, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Francisco Escobedo, Stephen John Livesley and Justin Morgenroth
Forests 2016, 7(6), 111;
Received: 23 March 2016 / Revised: 17 May 2016 / Accepted: 19 May 2016 / Published: 25 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban and Periurban Forest Diversity and Ecosystem Services)
PDF [2971 KB, uploaded 25 May 2016]


Urban trees have gained in importance during recent decades, but little is known about the temporal dynamic of tree growth in urban areas. The present study investigated the allometric relationships of stem diameter, tree height, and crown radius for six different tree species in six metropolises worldwide. Increment cores of the trees were used for identifying the relationship of basal area and basal area increment and for extrapolating the temporal dynamics for each species in relation to the allometric parameters and growth extensions. Space limitation and its direct influence on growth were quantified, as well as the aboveground woody biomass and the carbon storage capacity. The results show that, among the investigated species, Quercus nigra and Khaya senegalensis have the highest growth rates for stem diameter and crown radius, whereas Tilia cordata and Aesculus hippocastanum remain on a lower level. A significant reduction of tree growth due to restricted non-paved area was found for Aesculus hippocastanum and Khaya senegalensis. Estimations of aboveground biomass were highest for Quercus nigra and lowest for Tilia cordata. These results show the species-specific allometries of urban trees over a projected time period. Thus, the data set is highly relevant for planners and urban green managers. View Full-Text
Keywords: growing space requirements; metropolises; tree allometry; tree growth dynamics; urban trees; biomass growing space requirements; metropolises; tree allometry; tree growth dynamics; urban trees; biomass

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Dahlhausen, J.; Biber, P.; Rötzer, T.; Uhl, E.; Pretzsch, H. Tree Species and Their Space Requirements in Six Urban Environments Worldwide. Forests 2016, 7, 111.

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