Carbon Dioxide and Methane Formation in Norway Spruce Stems Infected by White-Rot Fungi
AbstractGlobally, billions of tons of carbon sequestered in trees are annually recycled back to the atmosphere through wood decomposition by microbes. In Norway, every fifth Norway spruce shows at final harvest infection by pathogenic white-rot fungi in the genera Heterobasidion and Armillaria. As these fungi can mineralize all components of wood, we predicted that they have a significant carbon footprint. Gas samples taken from infected stems were analyzed for CO2 and CH4 concentrations, and wood samples from different parts of the decay columns were incubated under hypoxic (4% O2) and anoxic laboratory conditions. In spring and summer the stem concentrations of CO2 were generally two times higher in trees with heartwood decay than in healthy trees. For most of the healthy trees and trees with heartwood decay, mean stem concentrations of CH4 were comparable to ambient air, and only some Armillaria infected trees showed moderately elevated CH4. Consistently, low CH4 production potentials were recorded in the laboratory experiment. Up-scaling of CO2 efflux due to wood decay in living trees suggests that the balance between carbon sequestration and emission may be substantially influenced in stands with high frequency of advanced root and stem heartwood decay. View Full-Text
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Hietala, A.M.; Dörsch, P.; Kvaalen, H.; Solheim, H. Carbon Dioxide and Methane Formation in Norway Spruce Stems Infected by White-Rot Fungi. Forests 2015, 6, 3304-3325.
Hietala AM, Dörsch P, Kvaalen H, Solheim H. Carbon Dioxide and Methane Formation in Norway Spruce Stems Infected by White-Rot Fungi. Forests. 2015; 6(9):3304-3325.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hietala, Ari M.; Dörsch, Peter; Kvaalen, Harald; Solheim, Halvor. 2015. "Carbon Dioxide and Methane Formation in Norway Spruce Stems Infected by White-Rot Fungi." Forests 6, no. 9: 3304-3325.