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Open AccessArticle

Multi-Level Policy Dialogues, Processes, and Actions: Challenges and Opportunities for National REDD+ Safeguards Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV)

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University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB#3435 Abernethy Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3435, USA
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Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Jalan CIFOR, Situ Gede, Sindang Barang, P.O. Box 0113 BOCBC, Bogor 16000, Indonesia
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Center for International Forestry Research, Rua do Russel 450, Sala 601, CEP: 2210-010, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
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Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro. Av. Pres.Vargas, 417 oviatoandar, CEP: 20071-003, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2014, 5(9), 2136-2162; https://doi.org/10.3390/f5092136
Received: 20 May 2014 / Revised: 16 August 2014 / Accepted: 1 September 2014 / Published: 15 September 2014
REDD+ social safeguards have gained increasing attention in numerous forums. This paper reviews the evolution of multi-level policy dialogues, processes, and actions related to REDD+ social safeguards (e.g., Cancun Safeguards 1–5) among policy makers, civil society organizations, and within the media in Brazil, Indonesia and Tanzania, three countries with well advanced REDD+ programs. We find that progress on core aspects of social safeguards is uneven across the three countries. Brazil is by far the most advanced having drafted a REDD+ social safeguards policy. Both Brazil and Indonesia have benefited from progress made by strong sub-national entities in the operationalization of REDD+ safeguards including free prior and informed consent (FPIC), participation, and benefit sharing. Tanzania has weakly articulated how social safeguards will be operationalized and has a more top-down approach. We conclude that in all three countries, measuring, reporting and verifying progress on social safeguards is likely to be a complex issue. Stakeholders with vested interests in REDD+ social safeguards operate in polycentric rather than nested systems, suggesting that aggregation of information from local to national-scale will be a challenge. However, polycentric systems are also likely to support more transparent and comprehensive safeguards systems. Clear direction from the international community and financing for REDD+ safeguard MRV is essential if REDD+ social safeguards are to be meaningfully integrated into forest-based climate mitigation strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: benefit sharing; governance; FPIC; tenure; participation; policy; polycentric benefit sharing; governance; FPIC; tenure; participation; policy; polycentric
MDPI and ACS Style

Jagger, P.; Brockhaus, M.; Duchelle, A.E.; Gebara, M.F.; Lawlor, K.; Resosudarmo, I.A.P.; Sunderlin, W.D. Multi-Level Policy Dialogues, Processes, and Actions: Challenges and Opportunities for National REDD+ Safeguards Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV). Forests 2014, 5, 2136-2162.

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