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Forests 2014, 5(4), 763-783;

A Comparison of Governance Challenges in Forest Restoration in Paraguay’s Privately-Owned Forests and Madagascar’s Co-managed State Forests

Mansourian Environmental Consultancy, 36 Mont d'Eau du Milieu, 1276 Gingins, Switzerland
WWF Paraguay, Avenida Argaña c/ Peron, Edificio Opa Rudy, 4to Piso, Asuncion, Paraguay
Environment, Climate Change & Urban Services, DAI Solutions, 7600 Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 200, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 January 2014 / Revised: 18 March 2014 / Accepted: 28 March 2014 / Published: 21 April 2014
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Governance of forest restoration is significantly impacted by who are the owners of and rights holders to the forest. We review two cases, Paraguay’s Atlantic forest and Madagascar’s forests and shrublands, where forest restoration is a priority and where forest ownership and rights are having direct repercussions on forest restoration. In Paraguay where a large proportion of forests are in the hands of private landowners, specific legislation, government incentives, costs and benefits of forest restoration, and the role of international markets for commodities are all key factors, among others, that influence the choice of private landowners to engage or not in forest restoration. On the other hand, in Madagascar’s co-managed state forests, while some similar challenges exist with forest restoration, such as the pressures from international markets, other specific challenges can be identified notably the likely long term impact of investment in forest restoration on land rights, traditional authority, and direct links to elements of human wellbeing. In this paper, we explore and contrast how these different drivers and pressures affect the restoration of forests under these two different property regimes. View Full-Text
Keywords: governance; forest restoration; Paraguay; Madagascar; Atlantic Forest governance; forest restoration; Paraguay; Madagascar; Atlantic Forest

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Mansourian, S.; Aquino, L.; Erdmann, T.K.; Pereira, F. A Comparison of Governance Challenges in Forest Restoration in Paraguay’s Privately-Owned Forests and Madagascar’s Co-managed State Forests. Forests 2014, 5, 763-783.

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