Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Response of the Invasive Grass Imperata cylindrica to Disturbance in the Southeastern Forests, USA
Previous Article in Journal
Allometric Equations for Estimating Carbon Stocks in Natural Forest in New Zealand
Previous Article in Special Issue
Habitat Modeling of Alien Plant Species at Varying Levels of Occupancy
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Forests 2012, 3(3), 840-852;

Relationship between Invasive Plant Species and Forest Fauna in Eastern North America

Department of Forestry, Center for Ecology, 1205 Lincoln Drive–MC 4411, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 June 2012 / Revised: 24 August 2012 / Accepted: 24 August 2012 / Published: 12 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exotic and Invasive Plant Species Impacting Forests)
Full-Text   |   PDF [199 KB, uploaded 13 September 2012]


Invasive plant species have long been known to cause extensive damage, both economically and ecologically, to native ecosystems. They have historically been introduced by the public, both intentional and not, for a variety of reasons. Many of the woody shrubs, such as Lonicera maackii and Rosa multiflora were introduced for wildlife cover, forage, and ornamental value. These invasives have quickly out-competed native flora, in many cases drastically impacting and changing the environment they inhabit. In this review, chosen species characteristics have been described, their pathway to invasion explained, and their impacts to native wildlife highlighted. Based on a review of the scientific literature, we determined that not all effects by invasive plants are negative. Many positive impacts can be seen throughout the literature, such as native frogs utilizing Microstegium vimineum for cover and nesting habitat. However, some important invasive plant species were not included in this review due to a lack of literature on the subject of the effects on fauna. While much is known about their economic impact and the impact on native plant species, additional work needs to be done in the field of wildlife research to determine current impacts and future implications of non-native, invasive plants on native fauna. View Full-Text
Keywords: biological invasion; non-native; wildlife; invasive shrubs; weeds biological invasion; non-native; wildlife; invasive shrubs; weeds
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hayes, S.J.; Holzmueller, E.J. Relationship between Invasive Plant Species and Forest Fauna in Eastern North America. Forests 2012, 3, 840-852.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Forests EISSN 1999-4907 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top