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Article

Comparison of Juvenile, Drought Tolerant Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) Clones with Regard to Plant Physiology and Growth Characteristics in Eastern Hungary: Early Evaluation

1
Department of Plantation Forestry, Forest Research Institute, University of Sopron, Farkassziget 3, H-4150 Püspökladány, Hungary
2
Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Institute of Crop Sciences, University of Debrecen, Böszörményi Str. 138, H-4032 Debrecen, Hungary
3
Department of Forest Tree Breeding, Forest Research Institute, University of Sopron, Várkerület Str. 30/A, H-9600 Sárvár, Hungary
4
Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Institute of Animal Science, Biotechnology and Nature, University of Debrecen, Böszörményi Str. 138, H-4032 Debrecen, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ilona Mészáros
Forests 2022, 13(2), 292; https://doi.org/10.3390/f13020292
Received: 13 January 2022 / Revised: 7 February 2022 / Accepted: 8 February 2022 / Published: 11 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Agroforestry Systems for Timber and Woody Biomass Production)
(1) Background: The aim of our study is to present the results of initial growth and plant physiology studies of newly selected, vegetative propagated black locust clones, with a view to assess their suitability for the establishment of fast growing tree plantations for the production of high quality timber in marginal (semi-arid) sites. (2) Methods: In the spring (May) and autumn (November) of 2021, full inventories were carried out in the black locust industrial tree plantation. The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) values were observed monthly from May to September 2021. For measuring the assimilation parameters the net assimilation, transpiration, stomatal conductance, intercellular CO2 concentration, and other physiological parameters were recorded. (3) Results: Robinia pseudoacacia ‘NK2’ clone showed the highest assimilation rate and it produced the most height increment in the growing season, from May 2021 to November 2021. The discriminant analysis classified successfully the black locust clones, 86.7% of original grouped cases were correctly classified. (4) Conclusions: The study of industrial tree plantations is of great practical importance. As black locust can tolerate even marginal site conditions, the lack of timber can be reduced in the future by establishing black locust industrial tree plantations. To be able to produce good quality industrial wood on the plantations, it is essential to study the phytophysiological properties of the trees (biomass production, vegetation activity of plants, chlorophyll content, photosynthetic activity) in addition to the traditional stand full inventories. View Full-Text
Keywords: black locust clones; drought tolerant; plant physiology; growth characteristics; Hungary black locust clones; drought tolerant; plant physiology; growth characteristics; Hungary
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ábri, T.; Keserű, Z.; Borovics, A.; Rédei, K.; Csajbók, J. Comparison of Juvenile, Drought Tolerant Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) Clones with Regard to Plant Physiology and Growth Characteristics in Eastern Hungary: Early Evaluation. Forests 2022, 13, 292. https://doi.org/10.3390/f13020292

AMA Style

Ábri T, Keserű Z, Borovics A, Rédei K, Csajbók J. Comparison of Juvenile, Drought Tolerant Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) Clones with Regard to Plant Physiology and Growth Characteristics in Eastern Hungary: Early Evaluation. Forests. 2022; 13(2):292. https://doi.org/10.3390/f13020292

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ábri, Tamás, Zsolt Keserű, Attila Borovics, Károly Rédei, and József Csajbók. 2022. "Comparison of Juvenile, Drought Tolerant Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) Clones with Regard to Plant Physiology and Growth Characteristics in Eastern Hungary: Early Evaluation" Forests 13, no. 2: 292. https://doi.org/10.3390/f13020292

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