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Article

21st Century Planning Techniques for Creating Fire-Resilient Forests in the American West

1
Rocky Mountain Research Station, U.S. Forest Service, Missoula, MT 59801, USA
2
College of Forestry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Víctor Resco de Dios
Forests 2021, 12(8), 1084; https://doi.org/10.3390/f12081084
Received: 9 July 2021 / Revised: 10 August 2021 / Accepted: 10 August 2021 / Published: 13 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Decision Support System Development of Wildland Fire)
Data-driven decision making is the key to providing effective and efficient wildfire protection and sustainable use of natural resources. Due to the complexity of natural systems, management decision(s) require clear justification based on substantial amounts of information that are both accurate and precise at various spatial scales. To build information and incorporate it into decision making, new analytical frameworks are required that incorporate innovative computational, spatial, statistical, and machine-learning concepts with field data and expert knowledge in a manner that is easily digestible by natural resource managers and practitioners. We prototyped such an approach using function modeling and batch processing to describe wildfire risk and the condition and costs associated with implementing multiple prescriptions for risk mitigation in the Blue Mountains of Oregon, USA. Three key aspects of our approach included: (1) spatially quantifying existing fuel conditions using field plots and Sentinel 2 remotely sensed imagery; (2) spatially defining the desired future conditions with regards to fuel objectives; and (3) developing a cost/revenue assessment (CRA). Each of these components resulted in spatially explicit surfaces describing fuels, treatments, wildfire risk, costs of implementation, projected revenues associated with the removal of tree volume and biomass, and associated estimates of model error. From those spatially explicit surfaces, practitioners gain unique insights into tradeoffs among various described prescriptions and can further weigh those tradeoffs against financial and logistical constraints. These types of datasets, procedures, and comparisons provide managers with the information needed to identify, optimize, and justify prescriptions across the landscape. View Full-Text
Keywords: collaborative forest landscape restoration program; fuels; quantitative risk assessment; remote sensing; cost revenue assessment; estimation error; fire mitigation; batch processing collaborative forest landscape restoration program; fuels; quantitative risk assessment; remote sensing; cost revenue assessment; estimation error; fire mitigation; batch processing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hogland, J.; Dunn, C.J.; Johnston, J.D. 21st Century Planning Techniques for Creating Fire-Resilient Forests in the American West. Forests 2021, 12, 1084. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12081084

AMA Style

Hogland J, Dunn CJ, Johnston JD. 21st Century Planning Techniques for Creating Fire-Resilient Forests in the American West. Forests. 2021; 12(8):1084. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12081084

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hogland, John, Christopher J. Dunn, and James D. Johnston 2021. "21st Century Planning Techniques for Creating Fire-Resilient Forests in the American West" Forests 12, no. 8: 1084. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12081084

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