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Article

The Human Dimensions of Spatial, Pre-Wildfire Planning Decision Support Systems: A Review of Barriers, Facilitators, and Recommendations

Ecological Restoration Institute, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86011, USA
Academic Editors: David E. Calkin and Matthew P. Thompson
Forests 2021, 12(4), 483; https://doi.org/10.3390/f12040483
Received: 5 March 2021 / Revised: 9 April 2021 / Accepted: 9 April 2021 / Published: 14 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Decision Support System Development of Wildland Fire)
Decision support systems (DSSs) are increasingly common in forest and wildfire planning and management in the United States. Recent policy direction and frameworks call for collaborative assessment of wildfire risk to inform fuels treatment prioritization using the best available science. There are numerous DSSs applicable to forest and wildfire planning, which can support timely and relevant information for decision making, but the use and adoption of these systems is inconsistent. There is a need to elucidate the use of DSSs, specifically those that support pre-wildfire, spatial planning, such as wildfire risk assessment and forest fuels treatment prioritization. It is important to understand what DSSs are in use, barriers and facilitators to their use, and recommendations for improving their use. Semi-structured interviews with key informants were used to assess these questions. Respondents identified numerous barriers, as well as recommendations for improving DSS development and integration, specifically with respect to capacity, communication, implementation, question identification, testing, education and training, and policy, guidance, and authorities. These recommendations can inform DSS use for wildfire risk assessment and treatment prioritization to meet the goals of national policies and frameworks. Lastly, a framework for organizing spatial, pre-wildfire planning DSSs to support end-user understanding and use is provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: decision support system; decision support tool; wildfire risk assessment; spatial fire planning; treatment prioritization; science application decision support system; decision support tool; wildfire risk assessment; spatial fire planning; treatment prioritization; science application
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MDPI and ACS Style

Colavito, M. The Human Dimensions of Spatial, Pre-Wildfire Planning Decision Support Systems: A Review of Barriers, Facilitators, and Recommendations. Forests 2021, 12, 483. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12040483

AMA Style

Colavito M. The Human Dimensions of Spatial, Pre-Wildfire Planning Decision Support Systems: A Review of Barriers, Facilitators, and Recommendations. Forests. 2021; 12(4):483. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12040483

Chicago/Turabian Style

Colavito, Melanie. 2021. "The Human Dimensions of Spatial, Pre-Wildfire Planning Decision Support Systems: A Review of Barriers, Facilitators, and Recommendations" Forests 12, no. 4: 483. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12040483

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