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Article

Mixed Effectiveness of REDD+ Subnational Initiatives after 10 Years of Interventions on the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

1
Centro de Investigaciones Tropicales, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, Veracruz 91000, Mexico
2
People and Plants International, Bristol, VT 05443, USA
3
Facultad de Ciencias Agrícolas, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, Veracruz 91000, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2020, 11(9), 1005; https://doi.org/10.3390/f11091005
Received: 18 July 2020 / Revised: 8 September 2020 / Accepted: 11 September 2020 / Published: 17 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue REDD+: Protecting Climate, Forests and Livelihoods)
Since 2010, the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) mechanism has been implemented in Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula, a biodiversity hotspot with persistent deforestation problems. We apply the before-after-control-intervention approach and quasi-experimental methods to evaluate the effectiveness of REDD+ interventions in reducing deforestation at municipal (meso) and community (micro) scales. Difference-in-differences regression and propensity score matching did not show an overall reduction in forest cover loss from REDD+ projects at both scales. However, Synthetic Control Method (SCM) analyses demonstrated mixed REDD+ effectiveness among intervened municipalities and communities. Funding agencies and number of REDD+ projects intervening in a municipality or community did not appear to affect REDD+ outcomes. However, cattle production and commercial agriculture land uses tended to impede REDD+ effectiveness. Cases of communities with important forestry enterprises exemplified reduced forest cover loss but not when cattle production was present. Communities and municipalities with negative REDD+ outcomes were notable along the southern region bordering Guatemala and Belize, a remote forest frontier fraught with illegal activities and socio-environmental conflicts. We hypothesize that strengthening community governance and organizational capacity results in REDD+ effectiveness. The observed successes and problems in intervened communities deserve closer examination for REDD+ future planning and development of strategies on the Yucatan Peninsula. View Full-Text
Keywords: REDD+; Yucatan Peninsula; deforestation; before-after-control intervention; quasi-experimental methods; propensity score; matching; synthetic control method REDD+; Yucatan Peninsula; deforestation; before-after-control intervention; quasi-experimental methods; propensity score; matching; synthetic control method
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ellis, E.A.; Sierra-Huelsz, J.A.; Ceballos, G.C.O.; Binnqüist, C.L.; Cerdán, C.R. Mixed Effectiveness of REDD+ Subnational Initiatives after 10 Years of Interventions on the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Forests 2020, 11, 1005. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11091005

AMA Style

Ellis EA, Sierra-Huelsz JA, Ceballos GCO, Binnqüist CL, Cerdán CR. Mixed Effectiveness of REDD+ Subnational Initiatives after 10 Years of Interventions on the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Forests. 2020; 11(9):1005. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11091005

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ellis, Edward A., José A. Sierra-Huelsz, Gustavo C.O. Ceballos, Citlalli L. Binnqüist, and Carlos R. Cerdán. 2020. "Mixed Effectiveness of REDD+ Subnational Initiatives after 10 Years of Interventions on the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico" Forests 11, no. 9: 1005. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11091005

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