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Open AccessArticle

Adaptation Capacity of Norway Spruce Provenances in Western Latvia

1
Latvian State Forest Research Institute “Silava”, 111 Rigas Street, LV-2169 Salaspils, Latvia
2
Institute of Forestry and Rural Engineering, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Kreutzwaldi 5, 51014 Tartu, Estonia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2019, 10(10), 840; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10100840
Received: 19 June 2019 / Revised: 27 August 2019 / Accepted: 23 September 2019 / Published: 25 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Forest Ecology and Management)
In Europe, numerous Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) provenance trials have been established and evaluated at a juvenile age. Still, information about the adaptation potential and long-term fitness of transferred seedlots in the Baltic Sea region is lacking. The aim of the study was to evaluate the adaptation capacity of provenances and assess the patterns of their long-term reaction to environmental transfer. We examined a 32-year-old provenance trial in the mild Baltic Sea coastal climate of Western Latvia. Significant differences in height and stem volume were observed among provenances. Growth superiority for certain local and Carpathian provenances was maintained over more than one-third of the rotation period. The best predictor of climate transfer functions was minimum temperature of the coldest month at the place of origin, explaining 28% variation in tree height. Populations from sites with more frost days and a colder mean annual temperature, minimum temperature, and lower annual heat-moisture index than the planting site were generally taller. View Full-Text
Keywords: provenance transfer; environmental transfer models; forest regeneration provenance transfer; environmental transfer models; forest regeneration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zeltiņš, P.; Katrevičs, J.; Gailis, A.; Maaten, T.; Desaine, I.; Jansons, Ā. Adaptation Capacity of Norway Spruce Provenances in Western Latvia. Forests 2019, 10, 840. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10100840

AMA Style

Zeltiņš P, Katrevičs J, Gailis A, Maaten T, Desaine I, Jansons Ā. Adaptation Capacity of Norway Spruce Provenances in Western Latvia. Forests. 2019; 10(10):840. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10100840

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zeltiņš, Pauls; Katrevičs, Juris; Gailis, Arnis; Maaten, Tiit; Desaine, Iveta; Jansons, Āris. 2019. "Adaptation Capacity of Norway Spruce Provenances in Western Latvia" Forests 10, no. 10: 840. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10100840

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