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Open AccessReview

Optimization of Layered Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries

1
Physicochimie des Electrolytes et Nanosystèmes Interfaciaux (PHENIX), Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, CNRS UMR 8234, 4 place Jussieu, Paris 75005, France
2
Institut de Minéralogie, de Physique des Matériaux et de Cosmochimie (IMPMC), Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, CNRS UMR 7590, 4 place Jussieu, Paris 75005, France
3
Institut de Recherche d’Hydro-Québec (IREQ), Stockage and Conversion d’Energie, 1800 Lionel-Boulet, Varennes, QC J3X 1S1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Deepak Pant
Materials 2016, 9(7), 595; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma9070595
Received: 2 May 2016 / Revised: 13 July 2016 / Accepted: 15 July 2016 / Published: 19 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Renewable Energy Conversion Materials)
This review presents a survey of the literature on recent progress in lithium-ion batteries, with the active sub-micron-sized particles of the positive electrode chosen in the family of lamellar compounds LiMO2, where M stands for a mixture of Ni, Mn, Co elements, and in the family of yLi2MnO3•(1 − y)LiNi½Mn½O2 layered-layered integrated materials. The structural, physical, and chemical properties of these cathode elements are reported and discussed as a function of all the synthesis parameters, which include the choice of the precursors and of the chelating agent, and as a function of the relative concentrations of the M cations and composition y. Their electrochemical properties are also reported and discussed to determine the optimum compositions in order to obtain the best electrochemical performance while maintaining the structural integrity of the electrode lattice during cycling. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanomaterials; layered compounds; cathodes; lithium-ion batteries nanomaterials; layered compounds; cathodes; lithium-ion batteries
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MDPI and ACS Style

Julien, C.; Mauger, A.; Zaghib, K.; Groult, H. Optimization of Layered Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries. Materials 2016, 9, 595.

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