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Open AccessArticle

Solvothermal Synthesis of Hierarchical Colloidal Nanocrystal Assemblies of ZnFe2O4 and Their Application in Water Treatment

Institute of Materials for Energy and Environment, State Key Laboratory Breeding Based of New Fiber Materials and Modern Textile, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China
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Academic Editor: Beatriz Noheda
Materials 2016, 9(10), 806; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma9100806
Received: 15 July 2016 / Revised: 5 September 2016 / Accepted: 20 September 2016 / Published: 29 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Porous Materials for Water Technology)
Hierarchical colloidal nanocrystal assemblies (CNAs) of ZnFe2O4 have been synthesized controllably by a solvothermal method. Hollow ZnFe2O4 spheres can be formed with the volume ratios of ethylene glycol to ethanol of 1:4 in the starting systems, while solid ZnFe2O4 CNAs are obtained by adjusting the volume proportion of ethylene glycol to ethanol from 1:2 to 2:1. Magnetometric measurement data showed that the ZnFe2O4 CNAs obtained with the volume ratios of 1:2 and 1:1 exhibited weak ferromagnetic behavior with high saturation magnetization values of 60.4 and 60.3 emu·g−1, respectively. However, hollow spheres showed a saturation magnetization value of 52.0 emu·g−1, but the highest coercivity among all the samples. It was found that hollow spheres displayed the best ability to adsorb Congo red dye among all the CNAs. The formation mechanisms of ZnFe2O4 CNAs, as well as the relationship between their structure, crystallite size, and properties were discussed based on the experimental results. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanocrystal assembly; solvothermal synthesis; magnetism nanocrystal assembly; solvothermal synthesis; magnetism
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Guo, P.; Lv, M.; Han, G.; Wen, C.; Wang, Q.; Li, H.; Zhao, X. Solvothermal Synthesis of Hierarchical Colloidal Nanocrystal Assemblies of ZnFe2O4 and Their Application in Water Treatment. Materials 2016, 9, 806.

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