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Open AccessArticle

Performance Comparison of Al–Ti Master Alloys with Different Microstructures in Grain Refinement of Commercial Purity Aluminum

by Wanwu Ding 1,2, Tiandong Xia 1,2,* and Wenjun Zhao 1,2
1
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, Gansu, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Gansu Advanced Non-ferrous Metal Materials, Lanzhou 730050, Gansu, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2014, 7(5), 3663-3676; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma7053663
Received: 21 February 2014 / Revised: 24 April 2014 / Accepted: 28 April 2014 / Published: 7 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Structure Analysis and Characterization)
Three types of Al–5Ti master alloys were synthesized by a method of thermal explosion reaction in pure molten aluminum. Performance comparison of Al–5Ti master alloy in grain refinement of commercial purity Al with different additions (0.6%, 1.0%, 1.6%, 2.0%, and 3.0%) and holding time (10, 30, 60 and 120 min) were investigated. The results show that Al–5Ti master alloy with blocky TiAl3 particles clearly has better refining efficiency than the master alloy with mixed TiAl3 particles and the master alloy with needle-like TiAl3 particles. The structures of master alloys, differing by sizes, morphologies and quantities of TiAl3 crystals, were found to affect the pattern of the grain refining properties with the holding time. The grain refinement effect was revealed to reduce markedly for master alloys with needle–like TiAl3 crystals and to show the further significant improvement at a longer holding time for the master alloy containing both larger needle–like and blocky TiAl3 particles. For the master alloy with finer blocky particles, the grain refining effect did not obviously decrease during the whole studied range of the holding time. View Full-Text
Keywords: Al–5Ti master alloy; TiAl3; grain refining; commercial purity Al Al–5Ti master alloy; TiAl3; grain refining; commercial purity Al
MDPI and ACS Style

Ding, W.; Xia, T.; Zhao, W. Performance Comparison of Al–Ti Master Alloys with Different Microstructures in Grain Refinement of Commercial Purity Aluminum. Materials 2014, 7, 3663-3676.

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