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Development and Evaluation of Polyvinyl Alcohol-Hydrogels as an Artificial Atrticular Cartilage for Orthopedic Implants

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Department of Biomedical Engineering, Daido University, 10-3 Takiharu-cho, Minami-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 457-8530 Japan
2
Department of Medical Simulation Engineering, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, 53 Kawahara-cho, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507 Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2010, 3(4), 2753-2771; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma3042753
Received: 9 February 2010 / Revised: 1 March 2010 / Accepted: 7 April 2010 / Published: 14 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Biomaterials)
Due to its excellent biocompatibility and mechanical properties, various different applications of polyvinyl alcohol-hydrogels (PVA-H) has been attempted in many fields. In the field of orthopedic surgery, we have been engaged for long time in research on the clinical applications of PVA-H as a artificial cartilage, and have performed many basic experiments on the mechanical properties, synthesis of PVA-H, and developed orthopedic implants using PVA-H. From these studies, many applications of artificial articular cartilage, intervertbral disc and artificial meniscus etc. have been developed. This review will present the overview of the applications and recent advances of PVA-H cartilages, and discuss clinical potential of PVA-H for orthopedics implant. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyvinyl alcohol-hydrogel; biocompatibility; artificial cartilage; orthopedics implant polyvinyl alcohol-hydrogel; biocompatibility; artificial cartilage; orthopedics implant
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kobayashi, M.; Hyu, H.S. Development and Evaluation of Polyvinyl Alcohol-Hydrogels as an Artificial Atrticular Cartilage for Orthopedic Implants. Materials 2010, 3, 2753-2771.

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