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Article

Sustainable Alkaline Hydrolysis of Polyester Fabric at Low Temperature

1
Department of Textile Chemistry and Ecology, University of Zagreb Faculty of Textile Technology, Prilaz Baruna Filipovića 28a, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Textile Department, Faculty of Technology, University of Niš, Bulevar Oslobođenja 124, 16000 Leskovac, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: César Quijada
Materials 2022, 15(4), 1530; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15041530
Received: 23 December 2021 / Revised: 12 February 2022 / Accepted: 16 February 2022 / Published: 18 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Collection of Papers in Materials Science from Croatia)
High crystallinity leads to low hydrophilicity of fabric made of (poly(ethylene terephthalate)) fibers (PET) causing problems in finishing, washing, and dyeing processes. To improve these properties, the surface of PET fibers is usually modified by hydrolysis. Alkaline hydrolysis is a conventional process usually performed at a temperature higher than 100 °C for more than 1 h. However, the use of strong alkali and high processing temperatures (>100 °C) can lead to fabric damage and a negative impact on the environment. Therefore, in this paper, the possibility of hydrolysis of the PET fibers in the fabric in a sustainable, energy-efficient process was researched. The influence of low temperature (60–100 °C) and an accelerator (a cationic surfactant HDTMAC) to PET alkaline hydrolysis was studied through weight loss, the loss in breaking force, and fiber morphology. The kinetics of PET dissolution in 1.5 mol cm−3 NaOH at low temperature with and without the addition of HDTMAC was determined and the activation energy was calculated according to the theoretical model. It has been confirmed that PET hydrolysis can be carried out in 1.5 mol cm−3 NaOH with the addition of HDTMAC as an accelerator at 80 °C for 10 min. This process is more economically and energetically acceptable than the conventional process, and is therefore more sustainable. View Full-Text
Keywords: PET (poly(ethylene terephthalate)) fabric; alkaline hydrolysis; process sustainability; PET dissolution kinetic model PET (poly(ethylene terephthalate)) fabric; alkaline hydrolysis; process sustainability; PET dissolution kinetic model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Čorak, I.; Tarbuk, A.; Đorđević, D.; Višić, K.; Botteri, L. Sustainable Alkaline Hydrolysis of Polyester Fabric at Low Temperature. Materials 2022, 15, 1530. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15041530

AMA Style

Čorak I, Tarbuk A, Đorđević D, Višić K, Botteri L. Sustainable Alkaline Hydrolysis of Polyester Fabric at Low Temperature. Materials. 2022; 15(4):1530. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15041530

Chicago/Turabian Style

Čorak, Ivana, Anita Tarbuk, Dragan Đorđević, Ksenija Višić, and Lea Botteri. 2022. "Sustainable Alkaline Hydrolysis of Polyester Fabric at Low Temperature" Materials 15, no. 4: 1530. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15041530

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