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Article

Influence of Selected Ophthalmic Fluids on the Wettability and Hydration of Hydrogel and Silicone Hydrogel Contact Lenses—In Vitro Study

Department of Applied Mechanics and Biomechanics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Tadeusz Kosciuszko Cracow University of Technology, 37 Jana Pawla II Av., 31-864 Cracow, Poland
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Academic Editors: Eleonora Russo and Xiaozhong Qu
Materials 2022, 15(3), 930; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15030930
Received: 24 November 2021 / Revised: 11 January 2022 / Accepted: 20 January 2022 / Published: 25 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrogels in Biology and Medicine)
This study attempts to evaluate the effect of incubation in selected ophthalmic fluids on contact lenses (Etafilcon A, Omafilcon A, Narafilcon A, Senofilcon A). Four research groups differing in the incubation environment were created: (1) initial state, (2) contact lens solution (CLS), (3) contact lens solution and eye drops (ED) and (4) eye drops. Dehydration by gravimetric method and the contact angle (CA) by the sessile drop method were tested. The surface free energy (SFE) was also calculated with the use of several methods: Owens–Wendt, Wu, Neumann, and Neumann–Kwok. The greatest changes in the dehydration profile were observed for contact lenses incubated in ED. The most noticeable changes in CA values were observed for contact lenses incubated in ED, in which it was not possible to settle water drop after incubation. On the basis of SFE analysis, higher values were found for hydrogel contact lenses, e.g., according to the Owens–Wendt method, they ranged from 54.45 ± 6.56 mJ/m2 to 58.09 ± 4.86 mJ/m2, while in the case of silicone-hydrogel contact lenses, they ranged from 32.86 ± 3.47 mJ/m2 to 35.33 ± 6.56 mJ/m2. Incubation in all tested environments decreased the SFE values, but the differences were in most cases statistically insignificant. Calculating the SFE may be a useful method as it can be used to estimate the possibility of bacteria adhering to contact lens surfaces. View Full-Text
Keywords: surface free energy (SFE); contact angle (CA); contact lenses; wettability; dehydration surface free energy (SFE); contact angle (CA); contact lenses; wettability; dehydration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chwalik-Pilszyk, G.; Wiśniewska, A. Influence of Selected Ophthalmic Fluids on the Wettability and Hydration of Hydrogel and Silicone Hydrogel Contact Lenses—In Vitro Study. Materials 2022, 15, 930. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15030930

AMA Style

Chwalik-Pilszyk G, Wiśniewska A. Influence of Selected Ophthalmic Fluids on the Wettability and Hydration of Hydrogel and Silicone Hydrogel Contact Lenses—In Vitro Study. Materials. 2022; 15(3):930. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15030930

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chwalik-Pilszyk, Gabriela, and Anna Wiśniewska. 2022. "Influence of Selected Ophthalmic Fluids on the Wettability and Hydration of Hydrogel and Silicone Hydrogel Contact Lenses—In Vitro Study" Materials 15, no. 3: 930. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15030930

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